Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2021) – 132.50
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI (2021) – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2022) – 79.69%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2022, vol. 59, nr 4, October-December, p. 547–554

doi: 10.17219/dmp/134749

Publication type: original article

Language: English

License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

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Kantorowicz M, Olszewska-Czyż I, Lipska W, et al. Impact of dietary habits on the incidence of oral diseases. Dent Med Probl. 2022;59(4):547–554. doi:10.17219/dmp/134749

Impact of dietary habits on the incidence of oral diseases

Małgorzata Kantorowicz1,A,B,C,D,F, Iwona Olszewska-Czyż1,B,C,E, Weronika Lipska1,B,C,E, Emilia Kolarzyk2,A,C,E, Maria Chomyszyn-Gajewska1,A,C,E,F, Dagmara Darczuk1,C,E,F, Tomasz Kaczmarzyk1,C,E,F

1 Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland

2 Department of Hygiene and Dietetics, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland

Abstract

Background. Diet is a factor that can modify the course of caries, dental erosion and periodontal diseases.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of dietary habits and the anthropometric parameters on oral health.
Material and methods. 50 females and 45 males aged 19–21 years were examined in a cross-sectional study. Oral health was assessed utilizing selected dental indices: approximal plaque index (API), bleeding on probing (BoP), community periodontal index (CPI), and DMFT (D – decayed, M – missing, F – filled, T – teeth). In addition, dental erosion was assessed. Anthropometric measurements included body mass, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, skinfold thickness, fatty and lean body mass, body fat percentage, and total body water. The frequency of consumption of food products was determined with the use of the Questionnaire on Food Products Frequency Intake. Student’s t tests, the χ2 tests and Pearson’s correlation coefficients were used to analyze the results.
Results. The average DMFT was 9.92, API was 52.97% and BoP was 20.46%. Dental erosion was observed in 44.21% of cases. A total of 11.58% of the study population were classified as CPI 0, 30.53% as CPI 1 and 57.89% as CPI 2. The consumption of crisps and cereal products increased caries (p = 0.003). Dental erosion was associated with the consumption of fruit, vegetables, meat, fish, and alcoholic beverages. The consumption of sugar, sweets and alcoholic beverages increased API and BoP. Caries rarely occurred in people who ate fruit and vegetables on a daily basis. The anthropometric parameters were associated with oral hygiene, gingivitis and body weight disorders (p < 0.05).
Conclusions. Rational nutrition not only plays a role in the development of general systemic diseases, but also has an effect on oral health. Besides providing instructions on oral hygiene, dentists should also assess the eating habits of their patients.

Key words

nutritional status, diet, students, oral health

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