Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2021) – 132.50
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI (2021) – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2022) – 79.69%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2020, vol. 57, nr 3, July-September, p. 339–344

doi: 10.17219/dmp/118345

Publication type: historical article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Foundations of fluoride prophylaxis in Poland and the prosthetic rehabilitation of the masticatory organ in arthropathies and malocclusion: Scientific achievements of Professor Noemi Wigdorowicz-Makowerowa

Podwaliny profilaktyki fluorkowej w Polsce oraz rehabilitacji protetycznej narządu żucia w artropatiach i w wadach zgryzu – dorobek naukowy Profesor Noemi Wigdorowicz-Makowerowej

Wojciech Marchewka1,A,B,C,D, Zofia Loster2,A,B,C,D,F, Jolanta Loster3,B,E,F, Anna Marchewka4,A,E,F

1 Students’ Scientific Group of History of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland

2 Central Dental Emergency Unit, University Dental Clinic, Cracow, Poland

3 Department of Prosthodontics, Dental Institute, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland

4 Department of Clinical Rehabilitation, University School of Physical Education in Krakow, Poland


Professor Noemi Wigdorowicz-Makowerowa was born in Warsaw to a Polish Jewish family on November 24, 1912. She graduated from the Medical University of Warsaw in 1937 and from the Academy of Dentistry in 1939. In early 1940, she was forcibly relocated to the Warsaw Ghetto, from which she escaped in January 1943. Shortly after the Second World War, in 1946, she started working at Wroclaw University. She conducted multiple studies there on the fluoride prophylaxis of caries, and on temporomandibular joint arthropathy and its etiology. She proved the efficiency of tap water fluoridation in caries prevention through a comparative study on children from schools in Wroclaw and Malbork, where the fluoride concentrations were 0.1 mg/L and 3.2 mg/L, respectively. The incidence of deep caries and the rate of tooth mortality were significantly lower in Malbork. Her long-term studies on the fluoride prophylaxis of caries prompted Professor Wigdorowicz-Makowerowa to found the Scientific and Technical Team for Fluoride Prophylaxis, based at the Department of Dental Prosthetics in the Institute of Dentistry of Wroclaw Medical University, which led to the creation of 35 fluoride water treatment plants in Poland by 1980. Moreover, she emphasized that malocclusion caused by dental caries and tooth loss, bruxism, higher susceptibility to stress, and increased muscle tone may constitute reasons for masticatory organ disorders. In her long career of over 30 years, she published 68 articles about fluorine and its use in dentistry, and 50 articles about temporomandibular joint arthropathy and other masticatory organ disorders.

Key words

caries, fluoride prophylaxis, temporomandibular joint disorders

Słowa kluczowe

próchnica, profilaktyka fluorkowa, zaburzenia stawu skroniowo-żuchwowego

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