Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
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CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
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Dental and Medical Problems

2020, vol. 57, nr 3, July-September, p. 333–337

doi: 10.17219/dmp/120079

Publication type: clinical case

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Simple bone cyst of the hyoid: A radiological diagnosis and follow-up

Torbiel samotna kości gnykowej – rozpoznanie radiologiczne i badanie kontrolne

Nagihan Koç1,A,B,D,F, Şafak Parlak2,B,C,E

1 Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

2 Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

Abstract

Simple bone cyst (SBC), also known as unicameral bone cyst, is a benign, fluid-filled cystic lesion that mainly appears in the long bones of young patients. Simple bone cysts are considered dysplastic or reactive lesions of bone. The most common locations for SBCs are the proximal humerus and femur. Lesions may occasionally be found in the jawbones. Simple bone cysts often have no clinical impact and are usually detected during routine radiographic examinations unless a gross pathologic fracture occurs. When symptoms develop, they may include mild pain, local tenderness and swelling. Computed tomography (CT) scans demonstrate a central, well-defined, mildly expansile or non-expansile, thin-walled lytic lesion, with little or no marginal sclerosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) usually confirms the cystic nature of the lesion by showing its fluid content. Cystic masses in the hyoid bone are very rare. Here we report an asymptomatic SBC in the hyoid bone, incidentally discovered in a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) examination, which appears to be the 2nd reported case.

Key words

simple bone cyst, aneurysmal bone cyst, hyoid bone, thyroglossal cyst

Słowa kluczowe

samotna torbiel kostna, torbiel tętniakowa kości, kość gnykowa, torbiel przewodu tarczowo-językowego

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