Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2019, vol. 56, nr 4, October-December, p. 433–436

doi: 10.17219/dmp/110682

Publication type: clinical case

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Odontogenic keratocyst of the mandible: A case report and literature review

Zębopochodna torbiel rogowaciejąca żuchwy – opis przypadku i przegląd piśmiennictwa

Kamil Polak1,B,C,D,F, Magdalena Jędrusik-Pawłowska1,A,C-,F, Bogna Drozdzowska2,B,C,E,F, Tadeusz Morawiec3,A,B,E,F

1 Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, St. Barbara Provincial Specialist Hospital No. 5, Sosnowiec, Poland

2 Department of Pathology, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, Poland

3 Division of Dental Surgery, Department of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery and Oral Surgery, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, Bytom, Poland


Based on a literature review, we analyzed the World Health Organization (WHO) classification and the treatment algorithm for the odontogenic keratocyst (OKC), formerly referred to as keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT). The KCOT reclassification from benign odontogenic tumors to odontogenic developmental cysts resulted from the emergence of new evidence regarding their morphogenesis and biological behavior. The authors of the most recent 2017 classification do not provide specific guidelines for OKC. Nevertheless, it has been observed that conservative surgical management is not necessarily associated with recurrences characteristic of neoplastic disease. The aim of this paper was to present the effective management strategy for a local recurrence that developed following conservative OKC enucleation in a 53-year-old patient. The treatment for recurrence consisted of enucleation, marginal osteotomy and augmentation with a cancellous bone graft harvested from a tibial tuberosity. A 6-year observation period (clinical and radiological monitoring) revealed normal bone regeneration and no evidence of recurrence. The algorithm applied in our center for the treatment of OKC/KCOT was compared with the management strategies proposed by other authors.

Key words

odontogenic keratocyst, WHO classification, autogenic bone graft, recurrence

Słowa kluczowe

zębopochodna torbiel rogowaciejąca, klasyfikacja WHO, autogenny przeszczep kości, wznowa

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