Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
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Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2019, vol. 56, nr 3, July-September, p. 299–306

doi: 10.17219/dmp/108597

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Clinicians’ role in the occurrence of oral biopsy artifacts as a potential diagnostic dilemma

Rola lekarzy klinicystów w powstawaniu artefaktów w badaniu histopatologicznym jamy ustnej jako możliwy dylemat diagnostyczny

Massoumeh Zargaran1,A,B,C,D,E,F

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

Abstract

A lack of knowledge about biopsy techniques and the management of biopsy specimens can cause artifacts. Artifacts are false structures that change the normal morphological and cytological features of tissues. This review article aimed to familiarize clinicians / dentists / surgeons with the factors causing artifacts and with the efficient strategies to prevent or minimize their occurrence. Non-adherence to several rules can result in the formation of artifacts. The clinician’s performance during and after the surgical procedure (until the sample is received by the laboratory) may damage the biopsy specimen or make it susceptible to damage. Artifacts may not be clinically considered noteworthy. However, by modifying the histopathological features of the specimen, they can lead to serious errors in the interpretation of lesions. Knowledge on the part of clinicians / dentists / surgeons regarding the factors and potential conditions that can lead to artifacts can decrease the risk of their occurrence, and considerably help pathologists and patients by paving the way for a correct diagnosis, and consequently an appropriate treatment plan.

Key words

biopsy, dentist, artifact, oral lesion

Słowa kluczowe

biopsja, dentysta, artefakt, zmiana patologiczna w jamie ustnej

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