Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2021) – 132.50
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI (2021) – 0.5
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2019, vol. 56, nr 1, January-March, p. 97–104

doi: 10.17219/dmp/102620

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Oral consequences of obesity and metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents

Konsekwencje otyłości i zespołu metabolicznego dla zdrowia jamy ustnej u dzieci i młodzieży

Małgorzata Maria Salamonowicz1,A,B,C,D, Anna Zalewska1,A,E,F, Mateusz Maciejczyk2,E

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland

2 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland


Nowadays, the epidemic of obesity and metabolic syndrome can be observed not only among adults, but also amid the younger population, with more than 380 million children and adolescents worldwide being affected by these phenomena. Obesity is considered a systemic chronic metabolic disease resulting from the imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified obesity as the most serious chronic disease, which, if untreated, leads to dangerous health problems (hypertension, heart failure, as well as kidney, nervous system and eye diseases). Recent scientific findings indicate a close relationship between obesity/metabolic syndrome and changes in the oral environment in children and adolescents. Obesity significantly increases the incidence of dental hard tissue diseases, periodontal diseases and diseases of the stomatognathic system. It also affects the secretion activity of the salivary glands, which changes the quantitative and qualitative composition of unstimulated and stimulated saliva. It is believed that in the face of a growing epidemic of obesity in children and adolescents, dental practitioners should also participate in the systemic treatment and prevention in this group of patients.

Key words

metabolic syndrome, obesity, children, oral cavity, dental problems

Słowa kluczowe

zespół metaboliczny, otyłość, dzieci, jama ustna, problemy stomatologiczne

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