Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2017, vol. 54, nr 4, October-December, p. 417–422

doi: 10.17219/dmp/78718

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Hearing and stomatognathic system: Searching for a link

Stan układu stomatognatycznego a proces słyszenia

Sławomir Baliński1,A,B,C,D,F, Monika Morawska-Kochman2,A,C,D,E, Marek Bochnia3,A,C,D,E,F

1 Private Dental Practice, Świdnica, Poland

2 Department and Clinic of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Wroclaw Medical University, Wrocław, Poland

3 Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Dentistry, Wroclaw Medical University, Wrocław, Poland


Acoustic vibrations reach the inner ear fluids in 3 integral ways: through the air, bone, and soft tissue. The final stimulation of the hearing receptor is recognized as the result of various interactions appearing between them. Air conduction is best described as the most efficient mode of auditory stimulation. Soft tissue and bone conduction (including dentaural hearing), being frequently underestimated in the complicated process of hearing, are still less examined. Clinical observations prove that dental health may have a direct influence on hearing. Additionally, hearing improvement after dental treatment is of a permanent nature. This review presents a hypothesis and supporting literature review that dental disorders may contribute to disturbances in the excitation and/or the transmission of vibrations through the bone to the hearing receptor. Dissociation in the relationship between stimuli reaching the cochlea simultaneously in 3 modes may have a negative impact on hearing acuity.

Key words

bone conduction, acoustic stimulation, dentition

Słowa kluczowe

przewodnictwo kostne, stymulacja akustyczna, uzębienie

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