Dental and Medical Problems

Dent. Med. Probl.
Index Copernicus (ICV 2019) – 118.76
MNiSW – 20
CiteScore (2020) – 1.2
Average rejection rate (2020) – 88.71%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2017, vol. 54, nr 4, October-December, p. 409–415

doi: 10.17219/dmp/79134

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Current trends and clinical applications of optical coherence tomography in orthodontics: A literature review

Współczesne możliwości wykorzystania optycznej tomografii koherencyjnej w ortodoncji – przegląd piśmiennictwa

Hemanth Tumkur Lakshmikantha1,B,C,D, Naresh Kumar Ravichandran2,B,C, Hyo-Sang Park1,A,D,E,F

1 Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea

2 School of Electronics Engineering, College of IT Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

This paper presents an overview of the current knowledge about non-invasive investigations using optical coherence tomography (OCT) – structural imaging of oral tissues and biomaterials applied in vivo and in vitro – employed in the field of orthodontics. Optical coherence tomography is an emerging technology for producing high-resolution cross-sectional imagery. OCT provides cross-sections of tissues in a non-contact and non-invasive manner. The device measures the time delay and the intensity of light scattered or reflected off of biological tissues, which results in tomographic imaging of their internal structure. This is achieved by scanning tissues at a low resolution. This paper aims to describe the application of OCT in the field of orthodontics, through previous studies investigating the development and disorders of natural tooth hard tissues; the paper also describes OCT studies on dental demineralisation and dental biomaterial characterisation. We explain the working principles of OCT and mention different types of OCT systems in use. Comparisons between OCT and other commonly used orthodontic diagnostic aids are also made and the possible future implications of OCT in orthodontics is discussed.

Key words

optical coherence tomography, non-invasive investigation, orthodontics

Słowa kluczowe

optyczna tomografia koherencyjna, badania nieinwazyjne, ortodoncja

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