Dental and Medical Problems

Dent. Med. Probl.
Index Copernicus (ICV 2019) – 118.76
MNiSW – 20
CiteScore (2020) – 1.2
Average rejection rate (2020) – 88.71%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2017, vol. 54, nr 4, October-December, p. 361–367

doi: 10.17219/dmp/80735

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Prevalence and determinants of extrinsic origin dental erosion among children and adolescents from Wrocław

Występowanie i uwarunkowania zewnątrzpochodnych erozji szkliwa u dzieci i młodzieży z Wrocławia

Katarzyna Harłukowicz1,B, Urszula Kaczmarek1,A,C,D,E,F

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Pedodontics, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

Background. The results of studies have revealed some increase of dental erosion prevalence; however, the data concerning the prevalence of erosive lesions in a Polish population is scarce.
Objectives. To evaluate frequency and severity of dental erosion in children and adolescents.
Material and Methods. A total of 240 subjects of both sexes, aged 12 to 18 years, living in Wrocław were examined and surveyed. Erosive lesions were assessed with the use of indices by Lussi, O’Sullivan and BEWE. A questionnaire consisting of 33 parameters related to oral hygiene and dietetic habits was used. The data obtained was analyzed in reference to the frequency, severity and location of dental erosion.
Results. The frequency of dental erosion was 16.25%; it was slightly higher in boys than girls and significantly higher in lower compared to upper teeth. The indices used identified the same number of erosion-affected teeth but not their severity due to different descriptive criteria. However, the erosive lesions were mostly limited to enamel and located in lower molar teeth. The mean cumulative BEWE score was 2.23 ±1.42, which could place the subjects into a low dental erosion risk group. The development of erosive lesions was significantly correlated with intake of cola, energy/sports drinks and other carbonated beverages, as well as acidic food and bananas.
Conclusion. Dental erosion could become a more important problem of dental health among children and adolescents due to the frequent consumption of acidic beverages and food. Therefore, there is a need to promote awareness in dentists to make an early diagnosis and to assess the dietetic factors conducive to the development of erosive lesions.

Key words

dental erosion, prevalence, children, adolescents

Słowa kluczowe

erozja zębów, rozpowszechnienie, dzieci, młodzież

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