Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2017, vol. 54, nr 3, July-September, p. 285–289

doi: 10.17219/dmp/74642

Publication type: clinical case

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Effects of oncological treatment on tooth development in children with brain tumors: Description of cases

Wpływ leczenia onkologicznego na rozwój zębów u dzieci z guzem mózgu – opis przypadków

Patrycja Proc1,A,B,C,D, Renata Filipińska1,B,C,D, Małgorzata Zubowska2,B,C,D

1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland

2 Department of Pediatrics, Oncology and Hematology, Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland

Abstract

Despite the fact that the results of oncological treatment improved significantly, cancer remains the main cause of death among children in Poland. Cancer survivors in Łódź have been included in a special preventive program for monitoring late health complications, which is supervised by the Ministry of Health. Seventy-five patients had dental investigations performed and 61 underwent radiographic examinations of their dentition. The state of dentition in 4 children, who were previously treated for brain tumors years ago, is discussed in this paper. Removal of tumor was the first stage in their treatment; then, the patients were treated according to the Polish protocol for treating brain tumors (etoposide, vincristine, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide). Two of the patients additionally underwent radiotherapy of head (with a dose of 54 Gy). Late dental complications, such as agenesis of teeth, microdontic teeth, teeth with short roots and others were found in all 4 studied patients. It was concluded that patients should be covered with special dental care and treatment during and after cancer therapy.

Key words

cancer, children, dental complications

Słowa kluczowe

choroba nowotworowa, dzieci, powikłania stomatologiczne

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