Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2021) – 132.50
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI (2021) – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2022) – 79.69%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2017, vol. 54, nr 3, July-September, p. 267–272

doi: 10.17219/dmp/75553

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Local and systemic disorders caused by the presence of foreign bodies in the oral cavity

Choroby miejscowe i układowe wywołane obecnością ciał obcych w jamie ustnej

Natalia Domian1,A,D,F, Irena Kasacka1,A,E,F

1 Department of Histology and Cytophysiology, Medical University of Bialystok, Białystok, Poland


The oral cavity is the first part of the digestive and respiratory systems; it fulfills important vital functions. Its normal function is dependent on many factors, both internal and external. The oral mucosa is constantly exposed to the influence of external factors. In addition, various foreign bodies are more often placed in the mouth, for both therapeutic treatment and decoration. For example: oral piercing, braces, dental implants, amalgam fillings. All of these factors can adversely affect the function of the mucosa as well as the whole organism. This paper is a review of recent literature and an analysis of the impact of selected foreign bodies on the oral cavity and the whole body, with particular attention paid to the risks associated with piercing. Studies clearly show that the presence of foreign bodies in the mouth contributes to the formation of many pathological conditions and diseases. They can be just local complications, but in some cases also general. Literature reports indicate that the presence of foreign bodies in the mouth can also lead to complications that have serious consequences to overall health. The presence of foreign bodies, particularly in the oral cavity can adversely affect its functioning and health of the entire system.

Key words

dental implants, oral mucosa, braces, dental amalgam, oral jewelry

Słowa kluczowe

implanty stomatologiczne, błona śluzowa jamy ustnej, aparat ortodontyczny, amalgamat dentystyczny, biżuteria w jamie ustnej

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