Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.22
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2017, vol. 54, nr 3, July-September, p. 229–234

doi: 10.17219/dmp/74923

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Head and face injuries among cyclists admitted to the Craniomaxillofacial and Oncological Department at the Medical University of Lodz

Charakterystyka najczęstszych urazów głowy i twarzy wśród rowerzystów przyjętych na Oddział Chirurgii Czaszkowo-Szczękowo-Twarzowej i Onkologicznej Szpitala Klinicznego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Łodzi

Aleksandra Puch1,B,D,F, Aneta Neskoromna-Jędrzejczak1,C,F, Artur Chomik2,C,F, Katarzyna Bogusiak2,A,B,F

1 Department of Craniomaxillofacial and Oncological Surgery, Medical University of Lodz, Łodź, Poland

2 Department of Craniomaxillofacial and Oncological Surgery, Barlicki University Hospital, Łódź, Poland

Abstract

Background. Cycling is a very popular type of activity in our times. People of all ages use bikes for many purposes like sport, entertainment or as means of transport. Unfortunately, this activity exposes cyclists to more frequent injuries of the face and head region.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to characterize bike-related injuries with special consideration to the injuries to the facial region. Secondly, we investigated the impact of wearing helmets on head and facial region traumas.
Material and Methods. In our retrospective research, we analyzed 41 patients (28 men and 13 women) aged between 33.2 ±13.3. The data included in our study concerned the age, sex, duration of hospitalization, type of bike, types of injuries and fractures, cause of injury, circumstances, place and type of accident, wearing helmet during injury and the occurrence of brain concussion.
Results. Men were the most prevalent in the analyzed group of patients (68.3%). Dental traumas were the most commonly observed type of injuries – they were diagnosed in 21 out of 41 patients (51.2%). Soft issue injuries were observed in 19 out of 41 cases (46.3%). Fractures of the facial skeleton were the rarest – they were noted in 13 people, in 4 of them mandibular fractures were observed. A statistically significant dependency was observed that people with helmets were more likely to suffer from coexisting traumas in comparison to those without them. The cause of brain concussion was statistically correlated with the type of accident.
Conclusion. Males more often experienced accidents than females. Falling from a bike caused most accidents. The most frequent among injuries were dental traumas and among fractures – mandibular fractures. Cyclists wearing helmets had more frequently coexisting traumas. Brain concussions mostly resulted from traffic crashes.

Key words

injuries, head trauma, cyclists, helmets, traumatic brain injury

Słowa kluczowe

urazy, urazy głowy, rowerzyści, kaski, wstrząs mózgu

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