Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
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Dental and Medical Problems

2017, vol. 54, nr 2, April-June, p. 189–193

doi: 10.17219/dmp/70440

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Fundamental factors related to orthodontic micro-implant stability: Review of the literature

Najważniejsze czynniki związane ze stabilizacją mikroimplantów ortodontycznych – przegląd piśmiennictwa

Jan Łyczek1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Joanna Antoszewska-Smith1,A,B,C,D,E,F

1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Wroclaw Medical University, Wrocław, Poland


The development and introduction of temporary intraoral anchorage devices (TISAD) in the beginning of the 21st century had a great impact on contemporary orthodontics. The enhancement of the scope of orthodontic treatment, improved efficiency, reduction of both the treatment time and need for the patient’s compliance, all of these are the crucial advantages the TISAD have provided to our profession. However, there are also some limiting factors pertaining to this anchorage reinforcement technique which must be borne in mind prior to clinical application. Among some others, premature failure of the micro-implants is the most significant problem related to their utilization, as it entails a repetition of the insertion procedure, increasing the cost and duration of treatment and causing the patient’s discomfort. Therefore, recognition of the factors related to the stability of orthodontic micro-implants is necessary for their efficient clinical application and maximum survival rates. Since over the last decade there has been noteworthy progress in the research investigating the issue of micro-implant stability, a review of the most current literature pertaining to this topic was the aim of our article, and ultimately providing clinical recommendations.

Key words

stability, micro-implants, success rates, micro-screws, TAD

Słowa kluczowe

stabilność, mikroimplanty, współczynniki sukcesu, mikrośruby, TAD

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