Dental and Medical Problems
2017, vol. 54, nr 2, April-June, p. 173–178
Publication type: original article
Periodontal status of Białystok citizens aged 65–74 years: A pilot study
Stan przyzębia mieszkańców Białegostoku w wieku od 65 do 74 lat – badania wstępne
1 Department of Periodontology, Medical University of Bialystok, Białystok, Poland
2 Private Practice, Białystok, Poland
3 Individual Medical Pracice Edyta Sulima, Wasilków, Poland
4 Non-public Healthcare Institute “Agmed”, Białystok, Poland
Background. Routine epidemiology examinations of the periodontium in adults (regional and supraregional) are necessary to evaluate their health and to undertake proper preventative actions (prophylactic and therapeutic) pertaining to periodontitis.
Objectives. The aim of the study was to evaluate the oral hygiene and periodontal status of citizens aged 65–74 years residing in a big city in the Podlaskie province.
Material and Methods. The study included 72 randomly chosen Białystok citizens (51 women and 21 men). While recording the patients’ medical history, special attention was paid to cigarette smoking. The condition of oral hygiene and periodontal status were evaluated. The following parameters were tested: API (approximal plaque index), PI (plaque index), BOP (bleeding on probing), PD (probing depth) and CAL (clinical attachment level). Moreover, the mean number of preserved teeth, the percentage of persons with at least 20 preserved natural teeth and the percentage of edentulism were evaluated.
Results. Mean API was 66.16% ± 47.33, PI – 57.82% ± 49.39 while BOP – 26.74% ± 44.27. PD was estimated at 2.13 mm ± 1.62, while the loss of CAL was found in 61.08 ± 27.43 sites. The coefficient of nicotine addiction was 675 ± 475.13. The mean number of preserved teeth was 13.36 ± 8.18, while maintained chewing function was found in 27.78% of the individuals and edentulism in 12.5% of the cases.
Conclusion. The periodontal status of Białystok citizens aged 65–74 years is unsatisfactory. The percentage of persons with preserved chewing function is low and thus the need for periodontal treatment and rehabilitation of the masticatory apparatus is high.
epidemiology, periodontal status, gerontology
epidemiologia, stan przyzębia, gerostomatologia
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