Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.22
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

Download PDF

Dental and Medical Problems

2017, vol. 54, nr 2, April-June, p. 173–178

doi: 10.17219/dmp/70772

Publication type: original article

Language: English

Download citation:

  • BIBTEX (JabRef, Mendeley)
  • RIS (Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero)

Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Periodontal status of Białystok citizens aged 65–74 years: A pilot study

Stan przyzębia mieszkańców Białegostoku w wieku od 65 do 74 lat – badania wstępne

Magdalena Sulewska1,B,C,D, Jan Pietruski2,C,E,F, Edyta Sulima3,B,D, Rafał Świsłocki2,B,D, Agnieszka Paniczko4,B, Ewa Duraj1,B, Małgorzata Pietruska1,A,C,E,F

1 Department of Periodontology, Medical University of Bialystok, Białystok, Poland

2 Private Practice, Białystok, Poland

3 Individual Medical Pracice Edyta Sulima, Wasilków, Poland

4 Non-public Healthcare Institute “Agmed”, Białystok, Poland

Abstract

Background. Routine epidemiology examinations of the periodontium in adults (regional and supraregional) are necessary to evaluate their health and to undertake proper preventative actions (prophylactic and therapeutic) pertaining to periodontitis.
Objectives. The aim of the study was to evaluate the oral hygiene and periodontal status of citizens aged 65–74 years residing in a big city in the Podlaskie province.
Material and Methods. The study included 72 randomly chosen Białystok citizens (51 women and 21 men). While recording the patients’ medical history, special attention was paid to cigarette smoking. The condition of oral hygiene and periodontal status were evaluated. The following parameters were tested: API (approximal plaque index), PI (plaque index), BOP (bleeding on probing), PD (probing depth) and CAL (clinical attachment level). Moreover, the mean number of preserved teeth, the percentage of persons with at least 20 preserved natural teeth and the percentage of edentulism were evaluated.
Results. Mean API was 66.16% ± 47.33, PI – 57.82% ± 49.39 while BOP – 26.74% ± 44.27. PD was estimated at 2.13 mm ± 1.62, while the loss of CAL was found in 61.08 ± 27.43 sites. The coefficient of nicotine addiction was 675 ± 475.13. The mean number of preserved teeth was 13.36 ± 8.18, while maintained chewing function was found in 27.78% of the individuals and edentulism in 12.5% of the cases.
Conclusion. The periodontal status of Białystok citizens aged 65–74 years is unsatisfactory. The percentage of persons with preserved chewing function is low and thus the need for periodontal treatment and rehabilitation of the masticatory apparatus is high.

Key words

epidemiology, periodontal status, gerontology

Słowa kluczowe

epidemiologia, stan przyzębia, gerostomatologia

References (34)

  1. Philstrom BL, Michalowicz BS, Johnson NW. Periodontal diseases. Lancet. 2005;366:1809–1820.
  2. Konopka T, Dembowska E, Pietruska M, Dymalski P, Górska R. Periodontal status and the selected parameters of oral condition of Poles aged 65–74 years. Przegl Epidemiol. 2015;69:643–647.
  3. Szpak A, Stokowska W, Gołębiewska E. Dentition status and treatment needs of 65–74-year-old men living in Białystok. Probl Hig Epidemiol. 2012;93:97–104 (in Polish).
  4. Strużycka I, Adamowicz-Klepalska B. Priority action areas for global oral health according to the WHO. Czas Stomatol. 2005;58:450–456 (in Polish).
  5. Brodzikowska N, Bujakowsa M, Kuźnicka E, Pietrzak D. Oral health in the elderly in Poland. Magazyn Stomatol. 1992:2(7):24–27 (in Polish).
  6. Skrzypkowski A. Selected dental problems of older people. Stomatol Współcz. 2003;10:3:49–53 (in Polish).
  7. Konopka T, Zawada Ł, Kobierzycka A, Chrzęszczyk D. Periodontal condition in 35–44 and 65–74 year-old residents from Lower Silesia Region. Dent Med Probl. 2015;52:447–454 (in Polish).
  8. Jodkowska E. The condition of dentition status of adults Polish citizens in years 1998–2009. Przegl Epidemiol. 2010;64:571–576 (in Polish).
  9. Iwanicka-Frankowska E, Wierzbicka M, Szatko F, Pierzynowska E, Zawadziński M. Oral health of Polish population’s adults aged 65–74 in the last five years. Stomatol Współcz. 2003; 10(6):9–13 (in Polish).
  10. O’Leary TJ, Drake RB, Naylor JE. The plaque control record. J Periodontol. 1972;43:38.
  11. Lange DE, Plagmann HCh, Eenboom A, Promesberger A. Klinische Bewertungsverfahren zur Objektivierung der Mundhygiene. Dtsch Zahnarztl. Z. 1977;32:44–47.
  12. Ainamo J, Bay I. Problems and proposals for recording gingivitis and plaque. Int Dent J. 1975;25:229–235.
  13. Black SA, Rush RD. Cognitive and functional decline in adults aged 75 and older. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002;50:1978–1986.
  14. Szatur-Jaworska B. The aging of the Polish population – challenges for social policy. Gerontol Pol. 2002;10:199–205 (in Polish).
  15. Wierucka-Młynarczyk B, Kubicka-Musiał M, Hüpsch-Marzec H. The growing population of older people as a challenge for dentists. As Stomatol. 2007;4:42–44 (in Polish).
  16. Kaczmarczyk Stachowska A, Knychalska-Karwan Z, Ciesielska M, Fijał D, Gawrzewska B. Indicator oral hygiene and periodontal changes in people aged 15–80 years, living in Cracow. Czas Stomatol. 2001;54:112–117 (in Polish).
  17. Holmgren CJ. CPITN – Interpretations and limitations. Int Dent J. 1994;44:533–546.
  18. Baelum V, Papapanoup N. CPITN and the epidemiology of periodontal disease. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1996;24:367–368.
  19. Zawada Ł, Konopka T. New periodontal indices. Dent Med Probl. 2011;48:243–250 (in Polish).
  20. Zawada Ł, Chrzęszczyk D, Konopka T. Definitions of periodontitis in selected group of Wrocław adult residents. Dent Med Probl. 2012;49:537–542 (in Polish).
  21. Górski B, Ganowicz E, Górska R. Classic risk factors of cardiovascular diseases and periodontal status in patients after acute myocardial infarction. Dent Med Probl. 2015;52:269–280 (in Polish).
  22. Thornton-Evans G, Eke P, Wei l, et al. Periodontitis among adults aged ≥ 30 years – United States, 2009–2010. MMWR. 2013;62:129–135.
  23. Górska R, Pietruska M, Dembowska E, Wysokińska-Miszczuk J, Włosowicz M, Konopka T. Prevalence of periodontal disease in 35–44 year-olds in the large urban agglomerations. Dent Med Prob. 2012;49:19–27 (in Polish).
  24. Konopka T, Pietruska M, Dembowska E, Dymalski P, Górska R. Oral and periodontal condition in 65–74 year-old Poles. J Stoma. 2014;67(Supl.1):57–58 (in Polish).
  25. Wojtyniak B, Goryński P, Moskalewicz B. The health situation of Poles and its determinants. Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia Publicznego – Państwowy Zakład Higieny, Warszawa 2012 (in Polish).
  26. Faveri M, Rebello A, Dias Ro, et al. Clinical and microbiological effects of adjunctive metronidazole plus amoxicillin in the treatment of generalized chronic periodontitis: smokers versus non-smokers. J Periodontol. 2014;85:581–591.
  27. Eke Pi, Dye Ba, Wei L, Thornton-Evans G, Genco RJ. Prevalence of periodontitis in adults in the United States: 2009 and 2010. J Dent Res. 2012;91:914–920.
  28. Jodkowska E, Wierzbicka M, Szatko F, et al. Oral health and its determinants and the need for prevention and treatment in children and adults aged 65–74 years. Warszawa 2009 (in Polish).
  29. Banach J. What about execution of periodontal global goals for the year 2010 in Poland? Dent Med Probl. 2002;39:9–12 (in Polish).
  30. Madléna M, Hermann P, Jáhm M, Fejérdy P. Caries prevalence and tooth loss in Hungarian adult population. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:364.
  31. Namiot D, Sierpińska T, Gołębiewska M, Kobierska A. Evaluation of needs for removable dentures treatment in elderly patients. Protet Stomatol. 1995;45:295–300 (in Polish).
  32. Szyszko T, Tokajuk G, Miksza-Żyłkiewicz R, Guckler A. Denture needs of inhabitants aged over 55 year in the north of Poland. Czas Stomatol. 1994;47:845–847 (in Polish).
  33. Hobdell M, Petersen Pe, Clarkson J, Johnson N. Global goals for oral health 2020. Int Dent J. 2003;53:285–288.
  34. Holtfreter B, Schwahn Ch, Biffar R, Kocher T. Epidemiology of periodontal diseases in the study of health in Pomerania. J Clin Periodontol. 2009;36:114–123.