Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
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Dental and Medical Problems

2017, vol. 54, nr 1, January-March, p. 59–65

doi: 10.17219/dmp/67323

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Evaluation of the incidence of gingival recession in the citizens of a large urban agglomeration of the Podlaskie Province in the chosen age groups of 35–44 years and 65–74 years

Ocena występowania recesji dziąseł u mieszkańców dużego miasta województwa podlaskiego w wybranych grupach wiekowych 35–44 oraz 65–74 lat

Magdalena Sulewska1,B,C,D, Jan Pietruski2,C,D,E,F, Renata Górska3,A, Edyta Sulima4,B, Rafał Świsłocki5,B, Agnieszka Paniczko6,B, Elżbieta Sokal7,B, Małgorzata Pietruska3,C,E,F

1 Department of Periodontology and Oral Mucosa Diseases, Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland

2 Private Dental Office, Białystok, Poland

3 Department of Periodontology and Oral Mucosa Diseases, Medical University of Warsaw, Białystok, Poland

4 Private Dental Practice, Wasilków, Poland

5 Private Dental Practice, Dobrzyniewo Duże, Poland

6 Agmed Non-Public Healthcare Institute, Białystok, Poland

7 Private Dental Practice, Ełk, Poland


Background. Gingival recession is a condition affecting all of society. Epidemiological studies on recession incidence in the population are difficult to conduct and interpret due to the complex etiology of this abnormality.
Objectives. The aim of the study was to establish the incidence of gingival recession in adult citizens of a large urban agglomeration of the Podlaskie Province.
Material and Methods. The study was carried out on randomly selected citizens of Białystok in 2 age groups. 115 individuals aged 35–44 years and 72 aged 65–74 years were examined. The clinical trial involved an evaluation of the following aspects: recession incidence, extent (depth) and localization. Additionally, Plaque Index (PI) and Bleeding on Probing (BOP) were analyzed.
Results. Gingival recession was observed on at least one surface in about 79.14% of the individuals analyzed. The most common recession localization was the buccal surface in both the group of 35–44 years (5.29 ± 5.23) and of 65–74 years (6.24 ± 5.40). The lesions were statistically significantly more common on the lower teeth (mandible 7.38 ± 5.7 vs maxilla 4.75 ± 4.67) and lingual surface (lingual surface 3.47 ± 3.11 vs buccal surface 1.77 ± 2.39) in the older group. In patients aged 35–44 years, the mean recession depth was 1.54 ± 0.55, while in the case of patients aged 65–74 years, it was 2.28 ± 0.9.
Conclusion. Gingival recession is a common abnormality in the population of adult citizens of large urban agglomerations in the Podlaskie Province.

Key words

epidemiology, gingival recession, adult population

Słowa kluczowe

epidemiologia, recesje dziąsła, populacja osób dorosłych

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