Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2017, vol. 54, nr 1, January-March, p. 49–51

doi: 10.17219/dpm/67315

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Dental emergencies in Burkina Faso Armed Forces

Nagłe przypadki stomatologiczne u żołnierzy sił zbrojnych Burkina Faso

Raoul Bationo1,A,C,D, Wendpouiré P. L. Guiguimdé2,E,F, Hamidou Ouédraogo1,B, Blintim Somé1,B

1 Medical Center of General Aboubacar Sangoulé Lamizana, Burkina Faso

2 Health Department, Ouaga I University Professor Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso

Abstract

Background. Dental emergencies affect the mission of deployed units. During military operations, the definition of dental emergency is different from that which is commonly accepted in dentistry. There is no notion of seriousness or need for urgent care. A considerable number of studies concerning American, French and other armies exist in the literature. This is the first study in Burkina Faso.
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to quantify the dental emergency rate observed in Burkina Faso soldiers deployed in Mali and to determine the percentage of dental emergencies.
Material and Methods. All the reasons for dental emergencies, between February 2015 and January 2016, were documented from the data of the register of clinical activities from the dental clinic of Timbuktu level 1 hospital.
Results. Caries accounted for 47.1% of dental emergencies. The second most common reason for visiting the dental clinic was periodontal diseases (19.3%), followed by lost crowns (9.7%). Fractured teeth caries accounted for 9% of emergencies and 7.1% of emergencies were attributed to infections. The remaining visits for dental emergencies accounted for 7.8%. The dental emergency rate for Burkina Faso Forces based in Mali is 182 per 1,000 soldiers per year.
Conclusion. Caries are the main reason why soldiers went to the dental clinic. Dental emergencies can significantly affect the mission of the deployed unit.

Key words

dental emergencies, operational capability, deployed soldiers, Burkina Faso Army

Słowa kluczowe

nagłe przypadki stomatologiczne, zdolność operacyjna, rozlokowani żołnierze, armia Burkina Faso

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