Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
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Dental and Medical Problems

2016, vol. 53, nr 4, October-December, p. 529–535

doi: 10.17219/dmp/64555

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

The Influence of Occlusal Loading on the Periodontal Tissue. A Literature Review. Part II: Occlusion and Recession, Occlusion and Healthy Periodontium

Ocena wpływu zaburzeń zwarcia na tkanki przyzębia – przegląd piśmiennictwa. Część II – okluzja a recesje dziąseł, okluzja a zdrowe przyzębie

Katarzyna Meredyk1,A,B,C,D, Jolanta Kostrzewa-Janicka1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Małgorzata Nędzi-Góra2,C,E,F

1 Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland

2 Department of Periodontology and Oral Diseases, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland


The stomatognathic system is a morphological and functional complex where any disturbance in one part of this system influences the functioning of the others. The possible relation between teeth, their supporting structures, the jaws, the masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joints is a subject of many studies. The impact of occlusion on the response of periodontal tissues are still being discussed. The aim of this study was to review the literature concerning the association between the occlusal loading and the formation of gingival recession and changes in the healthy periodontal tissues. On the basis of clinical trials in human populations the following conclusions can be drawn: premature contacts in maximum intercuspation and balancing occlusal contacts during lateral movements are doubtful factors responsible for destructive changes in the healthy periodontium, but the absence of mutually protected occlusion may contribute to the development of gingival recession, so the examination of occlusion and correction of improper tooth contact are suggested in this clinical cases.

Key words

occlusion, periodontium, gingival recession

Słowa kluczowe

okluzja, przyzębie, recesje dziąsłowe

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