Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
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Dental and Medical Problems

2016, vol. 53, nr 4, October-December, p. 510–523

doi: 10.17219/dmp/64077

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

State of Dentition Among Twins Considering the Influence of Genetic and Environmental Factors: The Systematic Review of the Literature

Systematyczny przegląd piśmiennictwa dotyczącego stanu uzębienia u bliźniąt z uwzględnieniem wpływu czynników genetycznych i środowiskowych

Paula Piekoszewska-Ziętek1,A,B,C,D, Anna Turska-Szybka1,A,E,F, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk1,E,F

1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland


Twin pregnancies, the most common among multiple pregnancies, currently occur more frequently than 1 out of 100 cases. The studies of twins have a great significance, because they allow us to determine the influence of genetic and environmental factors in many physical and behavioral features or abnormalities. This is possible because monozygotic twins share 100% of their genome, while dizygotic twins share only a part of it, but they usually have a common developmental environment. Better concordance of a specific feature presence among monozygotic twins may provide a bigger influence of the genetic component. On the other hand, no significant difference between monoand dizygotic twins suggests the influence of the environmental component. The systematic review of the following articles presents issues of oral health in twins, taking the possible genetic and environmental factors into account. Thirty-three original papers, concerning children and teenagers, as well as adults, were included in the review. The article presents the issues of mineralized tissues diseases – caries, erosions, hypoplasia, problems of occlusion development and occlusion defects, periodontal issues, parafunctions.

Key words

twins, oral hygiene, caries, teeth erosion, periodontal diseases

Słowa kluczowe

bliźnięta, higiena jamy ustnej, próchnica, erozje zębów, choroby przyzębia

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