Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.22
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

Download PDF

Dental and Medical Problems

2016, vol. 53, nr 4, October-December, p. 490–495

doi: 10.17219/dmp/64279

Publication type: original article

Language: English

Download citation:

  • BIBTEX (JabRef, Mendeley)
  • RIS (Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero)

Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Evaluation of Photodynamic Therapy Efficacy in Eliminating Enterococcus faecalis Biofilm: A Preliminary Study

Ocena skuteczności terapii fotodynamicznej w eliminacji biofilmu Enterococcus faecalis – badania wstępne

Ewa Joanna Prażmo1,A,B,C,D, Renata Alicja Godlewska2,B,C,D, Monika Sałkiewicz2,B, Agnieszka Beata Mielczarek1,C,E,F

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland

2 Department of Bacterial Genetics, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Poland

Abstract

Background. Photodynamic therapy is a new treatment protocol used in many areas of medicine. It has the potential to eliminate bacteria, fungi and parasites that may cause different pathological states.
Objectives. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of a specific photodynamic protocol in the reduction of Enterococcus faecalis biofilm inside the canals of extracted teeth.
Material and Methods. Thirty two extracted human, single-rooted, single-canalled, fully developed teeth were subjected to observation under in vitro conditions. After chemomechanical preparation, the specimens were infected with a clinical strain of E. faecalis and divided into four groups. Two served as a positive and a negative control group. The first of the experimental groups was subjected to a single photodynamic protocol with the use of toluidine blue as a photosensitizer and laser light for the induction of reaction. In the second experimental group, photodynamic protocol was repeated on the previously irradiated specimes. The last group was disinfected with 5.25% NaOCl. The CFU method was used to determine the number of viable bacterial colonies inside the root canals after completion of the experiment.
Results. The single application of PDT eliminated 78% of the initial Enterococcus faecalis colonies. The repeated photodynamic protocol reduced 86% of the bacteria colonizing the root canal dentine. Irrigation with 5.25% NaOCl completely disinfected the internal surface of the root canal.
Conclusion. Photodynamic therapy is an effective antibacterial protocol and can be used as a complementary disinfecting method after conventional endodontic treatment.

Key words

photodynamic therapy, Enterococcus faecalis, biofilm, disinfection of root canals

Słowa kluczowe

terapia fotodynamiczna, Enterococcus faecalis, biofilm, odkażanie kanałów korzeniowych

References (13)

  1. Bystrom A., Sundqvist G.: Bacteriologic evaluation of the effect of 0.5 percent sodium hypochlorite in endodontic therapy. Oral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Phatol. 1983, 55, 307–312.
  2. Wu M.K., Sluis L.W., Wesselink P.R.: The capability of two hand instrumentation techniques to remove the inner layer of dentine in oval canals. Int. Endod. J. 2003, 36, 218–224.
  3. Berutti J.K., Marini R., Angeretti A.: Penetration ability of different irrigants into dentinal tubules. J. Endod. 1997, 23, 725–737.
  4. Peter L.B., Wesselink P.R., Buijs J.F., Winkelhoff A.J.: Viable bacteria in root dentinal tubules of teeth with apical periodontitis. J. Endod. 2001, 27, 76–81.
  5. Xu Y., Young M.J., Battaglino R.A., Morse L.R., Fontana C.R., Pagonis T.C., Kent R., Soukos N.S.: Endodontic antimicrobial photodynamic therapy: Safety assessment in mammalian cell cultures. J. Endod. 2009, 35, 1567–1572.
  6. Wang G.C., Wang Y.: The frequency of chimeric molecules as a consequence of PCR co-amplification of 16S rRNA genes from different bacterial species. Microbiol. 1996, 142, 1107–1114.
  7. Siqueira J.F., Rocas I.: Polymerase chain reaction-based analysis of microorganisms associated with failed endodontic treatment. Oral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Radiol. Endod. 2004, 97, 85–94.
  8. Peciuliene V., Reynaud A.H., Balciuniene I., Haapasalo M.: Isolation of Enterococcus faecalis in previously root-filled teeth with chronic apical periodontitis. Int. Endod. J. 2001, 34, 429–434.
  9. Rocas I.N., Siqueira J.F., Santos K.R.M.: Association of Enterococcus faecalis with different forms of periradicular diseases. J. Endod. 2004, 30, 315–320.
  10. Piekarska K.: Enterococci – virulence factors and pathogenicity. Post. Mikrobiol. 2006, 45, 195–207 [in Polish].
  11. Hedge V.: Enterococcus faecalis; clinical significance and treatment considerations. Endodontol. 2009, 2, 48–52.
  12. Bumb S.S., Bhaskar D.J., Agali C.R., Punia H., Gupta V., Singh V., Kadtane S., Chandra S.: Assessment of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in disinfection of deeper dentinal tubules in a root canal system: An in vitro study. J. Clin. Diag. Res. 2014, 11, ZC67–ZC71.
  13. Iinuma S., Schomacker K.T., Wagnieres G., Rajadhyaksha M., Bamberg M., Momma T., Hasan T.: In vivo fluence rate and fractionation effects on tumor response and photobleaching: Photodynamic therapy with two photosensitizers in an orthotopic rat tumor model. Cancer Res. 1999, 15, 6164–6170.