Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2016, vol. 53, nr 3, July-September, p. 419–423

doi: 10.17219/dmp/63303

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Oral Health in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Literature Review

Stan jamy ustnej u pacjentów z przewlekłą niewydolnością nerek – przegląd piśmiennictwa

Bartosz Rabiega1,A,B,C,D, Wojciech Eliasz1,A,B,C,D, Krzysztof Pawlaczyk2,E,F

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland

2 Department of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is becoming an important public health issue worldwide, is a broad term used to describe progressive structural and functional kidney disorders that may be accompanied by a decrease in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and that have lasted for at least 3 months. The reason for concern about patients with CKD stems from the impairment in everyday functioning caused by this disease, as well as from the complexity of treatment needed in these cases. Contemporary literature indicates that there are several oral health-related symptoms that may be associated with CKD and, therefore, it may be the dental practitioner who refers the patient for comprehensive specialist care in the earlier stages of the disease. The aim of the article is to present a concise literature review concerning the symptoms in the oral cavity that may be associated with CKD. The authors discussed the occurrence of characteristic features in dental hard tissues, the periodontium, and oral mucosa. It can be established on the basis of the literature that some characteristic features in the dental clinical picture may be observed in these patients, and that dental clinicians should be made aware of this fact.

Key words

chronic kidney disease, oral mucosa, chronic periodontitis, dental caries, oral health

Słowa kluczowe

przewlekła niewydolność nerek, błona śluzowa jamy ustnej, przewlekłe zapalenie przyzębia, próchnica zębów, zdrowie jamy ustnej

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