Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2016, vol. 53, nr 2, April-June, p. 273–277

doi: 10.17219/dmp/61785

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

The Role of Stabilized Stannous Fluoride and Sodium Hexametaphosphate Contained in Toothpastes in Preventing Tartar Deposition and Tooth Discoloration

Rola stabilizowanego fluorku cyny i sześciometafosforanu sodu zawartych w pastach do zębów w zapobieganiu tworzenia się kamienia nazębnego i przebarwień zębów

Anna Surdacka1,A,B,C,D,E,F

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland

Abstract

On the basis of the literature, the paper proves that toothpastes containing stabilized stannous fluoride – sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) effectively and safely reduce tartar formation. Inhibition of tartar, and thus the reservoir of the live bacteria, contribute to the reduction of periodontal inflammation. In vitro studies have shown that pyrophosphate inhibits the growth and mineralization of dental plaque by a chelate effect of the minerals. Showing a very strong affinity to the surface of hydroxyapatite, strongly bound to the tooth surface and tartar, and coating the new embryos, it inhibits the growth of mineral crystals. Tartar formation can be prevented through regular, proper tooth brushing using not only brushes but also dental floss and dentifrices which contain chemicals preventing calculus formation. The toothpastes remove external stains and their effectiveness is comparable to the whitening ones. They also have bleaching properties which are important because of the aesthetic aspect. SHMP was shown to be highly chemically active agent for stain prevention and reduction of the pellicle conditioning film thicknesses.

Key words

toothpastes, stannous fluoride, sodium hexametaphosphate, dental calculus

Słowa kluczowe

pasty do zębów, fluorek cyny, sześciometafosforan sodu, kamień nazębny

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