Dental and Medical Problems

Dent. Med. Probl.
Index Copernicus (ICV 2019) – 118.76
MNiSW – 20
CiteScore (2020) – 1.2
Average rejection rate (2020) – 88.71%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2016, vol. 53, nr 1, January-March, p. 83–88

doi: 10.17219/dmp/60348

Publication type: original article

Language: Polish

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Porównanie skuteczności usuwania płytki nazębnej z użyciem miękkich szczotek manualnych

Comparison of the Efficiency of Dental Plaque Removal with the Use of Soft Manual Toothbrushes

Iwona Grzesiak-Gasek1,B,C,D, Urszula Kaczmarek1,A,C,D,E,F

1 Katedra i Zakład Stomatologii Zachowawczej i Dziecięcej, Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu, Wrocław, Polska

Streszczenie

Wprowadzenie. Skuteczne usuwanie płytki nazębnej jest podstawą zapobiegania próchnicy zębów i chorobom przyzębia. Wybór szczotki i stosowana technika szczotkowania zależy od stanu zdrowia jamy ustnej pacjenta, umiejętności manualnych i indywidualnych preferencji. Przy wyborze szczotki dla pacjenta należy kierować się jego wiekiem i sprawnością manualną, podatnością na próchnicę, obecnością ubytków niepróchnicowego pochodzenia oraz stanem przyzębia.
Cel pracy. Celem pracy jest porównanie skuteczności usuwania płytki nazębnej za pomocą dwóch miękkich szczotek z różnym kształtem części pracującej.
Materiał i metody. Badaniem objęto 50 osób (32 kobiety i 18 mężczyzn; średnia wieku: 23 lata), które podzielono na dwie grupy i przydzielono im szczotki Colgate® Slim Soft™ (grupa I) i Curaprox™ Soft (grupa II). U badanych oceniano płytkę nazębną po wybarwieniu za pomocą wskaźnika RMNPI (Navy Plaque Index) zmodyfikowanego przez Rustogi et al. przed dwuminutowym oczyszczaniem zębów i po nim. Osoby badane oceniły ponadto komfort szczotkowania zębów.
Wyniki. Oczyszczanie zębów przez dwie minuty wykazało w grupie I efektywniejsze niż w grupie II usunięcie płytki nazębnej z obszaru stycznego (52,0 vs 42,0%) i z całej powierzchni (57,0 vs 53,0%). Obszar przydziąsłowy był natomiast lepiej oczyszczany w grupie II niż w grupie I (68,0 vs 59,0%). Obie badane szczotki uzyskały akceptację badanych.
Wnioski. Badane szczotki o miękkiej twardości włosia skutecznie usuwają płytkę nazębną.

Abstract

Background. Efficient dental plaque removal is essential in preventing dental caries and periodontal diseases. The selection of toothbrushes and a tooth brushing techniques depends on the oral health of a given patient, their manual skills and personal preferences. Patient’s age, manual dexterity, susceptibility to decay, occurrence of noncarious lesions, and the periodontal state should be taken into consideration when choosing a toothbrush.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency of dental plaque removal with the use of two soft toothbrushes of different head shapes.
Material and Methods. The study involved 50 people, including 32 women and 18 men at a mean age of 23. The subjects were divided into two groups and they were assigned Colgate® Slim Soft™ (group I) and Curaprox™ Soft (group II) toothbrushes. Dental plaque was assessed in all patients with the use of the Navy Plaque Index (RMNPI) modified by Rustogi et al., before and after a 2-min-long tooth brushing. In addition, the respondents carried out a subjective evaluation of the comfort of tooth brushing.
Results. In the group I, the 2-min-long tooth brushing was reported to more efficiently remove dental plaque from the approximal area (52.0% vs. 42.0%), as well as from the total surface (57.0% vs. 53.0%), in comparison with the group II. The gingival area was better cleaned in the group II than in the group I (68.0% vs. 59.0%). Both tested toothbrushes gained the acceptance of the study participants.
Conclusion. The tested toothbrushes with soft bristle effectively remove dental plaque.

Słowa kluczowe

płytka nazębna, szczotka do zębów, wskaźnik RMNPI

Key words

dental plaque, toothbrush, RMNPI index

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