Dental and Medical Problems

Dent. Med. Probl.
Index Copernicus (ICV 2019) – 118.76
MNiSW – 20
CiteScore (2020) – 1.2
Average rejection rate (2020) – 88.71%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2016, vol. 53, nr 1, January-March, p. 22–28

doi: 10.17219/dmp/60908

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Comparison of Two Clinical Procedures in Patient Affected with Bone Deficit in Posterior Mandible

Porównanie dwóch procedur klinicznych u pacjentów z zanikiem kości w tylnej części żuchwy

Tomasz Wach1,B,C,D, Marcin Kozakiewicz2,A,B,C,D,E,F

1 Student of Medical University of Lodz, Łódz, Poland

2 Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University of Lodz, Łódz, Poland

Abstract

Background. Edentulous of posterior mandible is common problem of adult patients. It is associated with atrophy of alveolar crest. Sometimes the only way to replace missing teeth are dental implants. Atrophied alveolar crest makes it impossible to use long implants lateralization or short implants are necessary. These procedures have both advantages and disadvantages, however sometimes it is the only way to treat the patients.
Objectives. The aim of this study is the comparison of two clinical procedures performed to patients with bone deficit in posterior mandible.
Material and Methods. Eighteen patients were divided into two groups depending on the performed procedure (IANL or SIMPL). Patients were between 37 and 58 years old. Before qualification to surgery, patients had CT scans done. In the article two surgical procedures were presented; implants were compared in length, diameter and placement torque, as well as in bone atrophy and complications.
Results. It was observed that there is no statistical difference between the treated groups in terms of torque, implant diameter and age of patients. Sensory disturbances after implantations were observed just in the group with IANL (p < 0.001); more implants could be used in IANL (p = 0.04); significantly greater bone loss was observed in implantation with SIMPL (p < 0.001).
Conclusion. Patients after IANL, exhibited better implantation results, while patients with SIMPL did not suffer from sensory disturbances.

Key words

dental implants, lateralization, short implants

Słowa kluczowe

implanty dentystyczne, lateralizacja, krótkie implanty

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