Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2021) – 132.50
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CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
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Dental and Medical Problems

2016, vol. 53, nr 1, January-March, p. 118–124

doi: 10.17219/dmp/61071

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Microbial Changes in Subgingival Plaque During Orthodontic Treatment – Literature Review

Zmiany mikrobiologiczne w płytce poddziąsłowej podczas leczenia ortodontycznego – przegląd piśmiennictwa

Agnieszka Elżbieta Osmólska-Bogucka1,B,C,D,F, Małgorzata Zadurska1,E,F

1 Department of Orthodontics, Warsaw Medical University, Warsaw, Poland


Dental plaque is considered one of the factors inducing oral cavity diseases such as caries, periodontitis, gingivitis and peri-implantitis. Treatment with orthodontic appliances is related to a change of physiological properties within the oral cavity. Hampered hygiene as well as an increased number of retentive sites result in increased accumulation of dental plaque as well as a slowing down of the spontaneous physiological processes of tooth cleaning. As a consequence, so-called orthodontic biofilm occurs that creates a range relation with other structures of the oral cavity. For over 100 years, research has been conducted aimed at an explanation of the influence of bacteria on the etiopathogenesis of periodontal diseases. Many authors have stated that changes in periodontal tissues might occur during orthodontic treatment. There are few publications referring to young children (9–14 years of age); the number of comparisons of patients treated with fixed and removable orthodontic appliances are also scarce. The objective of this paper is an attempted answer to the question whether orthodontic appliances may affect the number of bacteria which cause periodontal diseases?.

Key words

orthodontic treatment, subgingival plaque, microbial changes

Słowa kluczowe

leczenie ortodontyczne, płytka poddziąsłowa, zmiany mikrobiologiczne

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