Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2016, vol. 53, nr 1, January-March, p. 111–117

doi: 10.17219/dmp/60840

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Music in the Dental Office – Preferences of Budapest Inhabitants

Muzyka w gabinecie stomatologicznym – preferencje mieszkańców Budapesztu

Magdalena Walczak1,A,B,C,D, Anna Turska-Szybka1,C,E,F, János Kollár2,A,C,E, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk1,E,F

1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland

2 Institute of Behavioral Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary


Background. It is believed that listening to music can have a positive influence on stress reduction prior to medical procedures.
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to assess music preferences among dental patients in Budapest.
Material and Methods. The research involved examination of 104 patients with the use of an anonymous survey which consisted of 8 questions concerning: age, sex, subjective evaluation of anxiety prior to dental treatment and overall evaluation of music significance. Afterward, the participants were asked to select a type of music they are most likely to listen to during dental treatment and to specify if they would choose headphones or not. The questionnaire was drawn up in two language versions: Hungarian and English.
Results. The choices made by women and men were not significantly different. Women chose classical music (43.33%), pop music (25%) and the sounds of nature (18.33%) as the most likely to listen to while being treated by a dentist. Men’s answers were more differentiated: 25% of male responders indicated classical music and rock music, pop music – 20.45%, the newest hits – 18.18%, hip hop and soundtracks – 15.91% respectively. A comparable number of men and women would prefer silence during the dental appointment. The majority of the respondents, regardless of their gender, declared they would prefer to listen to music from the speakers.
Conclusion. The appropriate selection of music and the way of listening to it may significantly contribute to a patient-friendly atmosphere at the dentist’s office. Patients whose anxiety is reduced by the application of audio analgesia may return to a given office more eagerly and their treatment might be more effective.

Key words

dental anxiety, dental treatment, music therapy, audioanalgesia

Słowa kluczowe

lęk w stomatologii, leczenie stomatologiczne, leczenie muzyką, audioanalgezja

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