Dental and Medical Problems
2015, vol. 52, nr 3, July-September, p. 336–340
Publication type: review article
Intercanine Width – Review of the Literature
Szerokość międzykłowa – przegląd piśmiennictwa
1 Private Practice, Wrocław, Poland
2 Department of Maxillofacial Orthopedics and Orthodontics, Wroclaw Medical University, Wrocław, Poland
Correct diagnosis and a detailed orthodontic treatment plan are responsible for therapeutic success. One of the most important assessed parameters with a strong influence on the orthodontic treatment plan is intercanine width. This parameter is mostly defined as a distance between cusp tip points of the right and left canines. All dental arch dimensions, including intercanine width, are dynamic values and change significantly with the development of individuals. The distance between canines tends to increase with the greatest changes taking place during the eruption of incisors, until complete permanent dentition or, according to some other authors, till the eruption of permanent canines and first premolars. The parameters of dental arch never become stable. These findings suggest that, though age-related changes occur after adolescence at a significantly slower rate and begin inverse, they take place during the entirety of adult life. It is also well proven that the distance between canines depends not only on patient’s age. Its value is also strongly affected by gender, ethnicity, and whether the individual dental arch shape. Shape and dimensions of dental arches achieved during the treatment process are one of the most important aspects of treatment. Every change of the width or the lower dental arch form generates a tendency to return toward its pretreatment conditions and a malocclusion relapse occurring. The maintenance of original, unchanged intercanine and intermolar width is therefore critical to the stability of orthodontic treatment.
relapse, dental arch, canines, malocclusion
nawrót wady, łuk zębowy, kły, wada zgryzu
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