Dental and Medical Problems

Dent. Med. Probl.
Index Copernicus (ICV 2019) – 118.76
MNiSW – 20
CiteScore (2020) – 1.2
Average rejection rate (2020) – 88.71%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2015, vol. 52, nr 3, July-September, p. 324–329

Publication type: original article

Language: Polish

Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Ocena potrzeby wprowadzenia edukacji z zakresu pierwotnego zapobiegania próchnicy do programu szkół rodzenia – doniesienie wstępne

Evaluation of the Need for Including Education About Primary Caries Prevention in Childbirth Schools – Preliminary Report

Iwona Grzesiak-Gasek1,A,B,C,D, Urszula Kaczmarek1,A,C,D,E,F, Anna Skałecka-Sądel1,A,D

1 Katedra i Zakład Stomatologii Zachowawczej i Stomatologii Dziecięcej Uniwersytetu Medycznego we Wrocławiu, Wrocław, Polska

Streszczenie

Wprowadzenie. Rozwojowi próchnicy u dzieci należy zapobiegać w okresie perinatalnym i niemowlęcym poprzez eliminację poziomu bakterii próchnicotwórczych w jamie ustnej przyszłej matki i jej edukację na temat dróg transmisji bakterii, prawidłowych zasad higieny jamy ustnej i kariostatycznego schematu żywienia dziecka.
Cel pracy. Ocena przydatności wprowadzenia do programu szkół rodzenia problematyki dotyczącej pierwotnego zapobiegania próchnicy zębów.
Materiał i metody. Badaniem ankietowym objęto 53 ciężarne w wieku 24–40 lat i ich 13 partnerów w wieku 26–42 lat uczestniczących w zajęciach szkoły rodzenia. Ankieta zawierała pytania dotyczące wieku, wykształcenia, miesiąca i kolejności ciąży jak również korzystania z opieki stomatologicznej podczas ciąży, uzyskania od stomatologa informacji odnośnie do pielęgnacji jamy ustnej małego dziecka i terminu jego pierwszej wizyty stomatologicznej, źródeł wiedzy na temat zapobiegania rozwojowi próchnicy zębów dziecka. Po wypełnieniu ankiety wszyscy uczestnicy wzięli udział w prezentacji multimedialnej dotyczącej zapobiegania próchnicy wczesnego dzieciństwa i wypowiedzieli się o przydatności zawartych w niej informacji.
Wyniki. Przeważająca większość (48/53, 90,6%) ankietowanych kobiet deklarowała korzystanie z opieki stomatologicznej w czasie ciąży. Ginekolog 16 ciężarnym (30,2%) zalecał wizytę u stomatologa. Podczas wizyty stomatologicznej tylko 7 (13,2%) badanym stomatolog udzielił porad dotyczących utrzymania stanu zdrowia jamy ustnej dziecka i 6 (11,3%) poinformował o terminie pierwszej wizyty stomatologicznej dziecka (11,3%). Najczęstszym źródłem wiedzy dla badanych z zakresu profilaktyki próchnicy u małego dziecka były media. Przedstawiona prezentacja edukacyjna w szkole rodzenia została uznana za potrzebną (65/66, 98,5%) i zawarte w niej informacje stanowiły nowość (50/63, 75,7%).
Wnioski. Wprowadzenie do programu szkół rodzenia wiedzy na temat pierwotnego zapobiegania próchnicy u dzieci jest celowym i uzasadnionym działaniem.

Abstract

Background. The development of caries in children requires to be prevented in the perinatal and infant period by eliminating cariogenic bacteria in oral cavities of mothers-to-be, as well as by educating them on transmission routes of bacteria, proper oral hygiene and cariostatic pattern of child nutrition.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of introducing topics related to primary caries prevention in childbirth schools.
Material and Methods. Fifty three pregnant females aged 24–40 and their 13 partners aged 26–42 who attended childbirth classes were asked to fill in the questionnaires. The questionnaires included questions regarding age, znaeducation, the current month and the number of pregnancy, as well as questions about received dental care during pregnancy, if they were being advised by the dentist on the oral health care in young children, on the recommended time for the first dental visit, and on the sources of knowledge on the early childhood caries prevention. Having completed the questionnaires, the participants watched the multimedia presentation about early childhood caries prevention and provided their feedback on usefulness of the information included in it.
Results. A vast majority of females participating in the study (48/53, 90.6%) reported that they were receiving dental care during pregnancy. Sixteen pregnant females (30.2%) were referred to a dentist by their gynecologist. During the dental visit, only 7 patients (13.2%) were advised on how to maintain good oral health in their children and 6 of them (11.3%) were informed about the time when the child’s first dental visit should take place. For the participants of the study, the most common source of knowledge of preventing early childhood caries was media. The educational presentation made at the childbirth school was considered useful (65/66, 98.5%), and information included in the presentation was reported as new (50/63, 75.7%).
Conclusion. Including the topic of primary caries prevention in children in childbirth schools seems to be a useful and reasonable initiative.

Słowa kluczowe

próchnica, zapobieganie, szkoła rodzenia

Key words

caries, prevention, chilbirth school

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