Dental and Medical Problems
2015, vol. 52, nr 3, July-September, p. 304–308
Publication type: original article
Dental Health Status of the Residents in the Korunalaya Leprosy Care Center in Puri (Orissa, India)
Stan zdrowia uzębienia mieszkańców Ośrodka Rehabilitacji i Leczenia Trądu w Puri (Orissa, Indie)
1 Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland
Background. The epidemiological data shows considerable differences in the incidence of dental caries dependent upon geographical, social and cultural factors. Most people in third world countries have little or no access to organized oral health care or to basic emergency dental treatment. Lack of permanent dental health care is particularly pronounced in isolated groups, such as leper colonies.
Objectives. To assess the dental health status of the residents in the Korunalaya Leprosy Care Center (Orissa, India).
Material and Methods. The examinations were carried out on 136 patients (44.85% females and 55.15% males), aged 19–95 years. The teeth assessments were carried out in artificial light by means of an explorer and mirror, and included the number of teeth with active caries, missing and filled teeth. The data obtained was used in calculating caries frequency and DMFT index and categorized according to patients’ sex and age. For a statistical analysis relating to the differences in caries frequency and DT, MT, FT and DMFT indices between females and males as well as between different age groups the difference test between two proportions was used.
Results. Caries frequency was the highest in males aged 19–44 years (66.67%) whereas the lowest in males aged 45–64 years (45.16%), and those differences were statistically significant (p < 0.001). In 19–44 years old patients DMF index was largely dependent on the amount of teeth with untreated carious cavities and then on missing and filled teeth. The DMFT number was the highest in females above 65 years (10.50); in this group MT number was 7.68. Statistical significance was observed between females and males in DMFT index in 45–64–year-olds (p = 0.003) and above 65 years (p < 0.001).
Conclusion. The dental health status of the residents of the Korunalaya Leprosy Care Center is unsatisfactory but similar to non-leper communities in Indian subcontinent. Constant professional dental supervision is needed in leprosy centers.
India, caries frequency, DMFT index, Leprosy Center
Indie, frekwencja próchnicy, wskaźnik PUWz, ośrodek dla trędowatych
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