Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.22
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2015, vol. 52, nr 2, April-June, p. 227–234

Publication type: review article

Language: English

Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Tongue Function Correction Appliances. The Current State of Knowledge and Therapeutic Possibilities Including a Device of Own Design – Review of the Literature

Aparaty korygujące funkcję języka. Aktualny stan wiedzy i terapeutyczne możliwości z uwzględnieniem aparatu własnego projektu – przegląd piśmiennictwa

Sandra Osiewacz1,A,B,C,D, Małgorzata Jurecka1,B,C, Elżbieta Pawłowska1,E,F

1 Department of Orthodontics, Medical University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland


The appropriate scheme of the development and articulation of the whole dental system is determined by the right development of physiological functions. The subject of muscle homeostasis has been analyzed by many researchers. Forces exerted by the tongue, lips and cheeks influence occlusion. In terms of muscle balance, clinicians all agree, the lack of it leads to the development and consolidation of malocclusion. Moreover, it is stated that only treatments following a procedure which incorporates muscle activity in the oral-facial complex have a positive therapeutic effect and stable treatment results. The aim of this research was to describe the available fixed and removable appliances used for tongue dysfunction treatment. In addition to the presented, pre-existing tongue cribs, the authors’ original TPC (Tongue Position Changer) device was also included. In this article the devices used for the treatment of tongue malpositioning and tongue function correction were discussed and systematized. The shape, structure and application together with the treatment time and results were taken into consideration. Tongue cribs are the documented tongue dysfunction treatment method with special regard to partial anterior and lateral open bite at the time of late deciduous, mixed and permanent dentition.

Key words

open bite, dental spurs, tongue crib appliance, swallowing

Słowa kluczowe

zgryz otwarty, aparaty korygujące funkcję języka, połykanie

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