Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
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CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2015, vol. 52, nr 2, April-June, p. 197–204

Publication type: original article

Language: Polish

Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Stężenie wybranych składników śliny u koszykarzy przed rutynowym treningiem i po nim

The Levels of Selected Saliva Components in Basketball Players Before and After Routine Training

Iwona Grzesiak-Gasek1,A,B,C, Urszula Kaczmarek1,A,C,D,E,F, Marek Popowczak2,B

1 Katedra i Zakład Stomatologii Zachowawczej, Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu, Wrocław, Polska

2 Katedra Zespołowych Gier Sportowych, Zespół Koszykówki i Piłki Siatkowej, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego we Wrocławiu, Wrocław, Polska

Streszczenie

Wprowadzenie. Aktywność fizyczna powoduje metaboliczne zmiany w organizmie, które wpływają na stężenie niektórych składników biochemicznych krwi i śliny.
Cel pracy. Porównanie wybranych składników śliny u osób uprawiających koszykówkę przed rutynowym treningiem i po nim oraz odniesienie ich do osób niewykonujących systematycznie ćwiczeń fizycznych.
Materiał i metody. Zbadano 30 osób w wieku 21–26 lat trenujących systematycznie koszykówkę. Przed treningiem i po nim pobierano niestymulowaną ślinę mieszaną. Grupę kontrolną (n = 10) stanowiły osoby nieuprawiające żadnego sportu. U wszystkich badanych oznaczano w ślinie pH, pojemność buforową, białko całkowite, α-amylazę, peroksydazę, mieloperoksydazę, kortyzol, kwas sialowy, całkowitą pojemność antyoksydacyjną, wapń i magnez oraz szybkość wydzielania.
Wyniki. Przed treningiem i po nim stwierdzono istotne zwiększenie stężenia białka całkowitego (1,02 ± 0,47 g/l vs 1,33 ± 0,77 g/l, p < 0,05), poziomu i wypływu kortyzolu (1,94 ± 1,87 μg/ml vs 3,15 ± 2,85 μg/ml oraz 6,62 ± 6,47 μg/min vs 6,00 ± 23,01 μg/min, p < 0,05). Stwierdzono również podwyższenie średnich stężeń i wypływów a-amylazy (odpowiednio o 28,5 i 70,0%), mieloperoksydazy (21,8 i 31,2%), TAS (30,2 i 67,5%), wolnego kwasu sialowego (10,0 i 36,8%), wapnia (33,9 i 87,5%) i magnezu (38,6 i 92,0%). Zanotowano ponadto niewielkie podwyższenie poziomu pojemności buforowej (13,1%) i pH (1,4%) oraz obniżenie stężenia peroksydazy (9,3%) i zwiększeniet jej wypływu (5,1%).
Wnioski. Trening osób uprawiających koszykówkę powodował pewne zmiany w stężeniach badanych parametrów biochemicznych śliny, jednakże po treningu stwierdzono istotne zwiększenie tylko stężenia białka całkowitego i kortyzolu.

Abstract

Background. Physical activity evokes metabolic changes in the body that influence the levels of some biochemical components of blood and saliva.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to compare selected salivary components in basketball players before and after a routine training in relation to people who don’t get regular physical exercises.
Material and Methods. The study included 30 subjects aged 21–26 years, regularly training basketball. Unstimulated mixed saliva samples were collected before and after the training session. The control group (n = 10) consisted of subjects not involved in regular sport activity. Salivary pH, buffer capacity, total protein, α-amylase, peroxidase, myeloperoxidase, cortisol, sialic acid, total antioxidant status, calcium and magnesium as well as salivary flow rate were assessed in all subjects of the study.
Results. A significant increase of salivary total protein concentration (1.02 ± 0.47 g/L vs 1.33 ± 0.77 g/L, p < 0.05) and cortisol levels and outputs (1.94 ± 1.87 μg/mL vs 3.15 ± 2.85 μg/mL and 6.62 ± 6.47 μg/min vs 6.00 ± 23.01 μg/min, p < 0.05) were observed before and after the training session. Also, the study showed an increase in the average levels and outputs of a-amylase (28.5% and 70.0%, respectively), myeloperoxidase (21.8 % and 31.2%), TAS (30.2% and 67.5%), free sialic acid (10.0% and 36.8%), calcium (33.9% and 87.5%) and magnesium (38.6% and 92.0%). Moreover, a minor increase in the buffer capacity (13.1%) and pH (1.4%) levels accompanied by decreased level (9.3%) and increased output (5.1%) of peroxidase was identified.
Conclusion. Basketball training evoked some changes in the levels of the investigated biochemical parameters in the saliva. After the training; however, only the concentrations of total protein and cortisol were found to be increased.

Słowa kluczowe

trening, koszykówka, składniki śliny

Key words

traning, basketball, salivary components

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