Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
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Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2014, vol. 51, nr 1, January-March, p. 93–99

Publication type: original article

Language: Polish

Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Postawy rodziców różnego pochodzenia etnicznego wobec zdrowia jamy ustnej i ich wpływ na postawę prezentowaną przez dziecko

Parents’ Attitudes from Different Ethnic Backgrounds to Oral Health and Their Influence on the Attitude Presented by the Child

Anna J. Stróżyńska1,A,B,C,D, Natalia M. Kopacz1,A,B,C,D, Anna Pham Thi Mai Linh1,A,B,C,D, Anna Turska-Szybka2,C,E,F

1 Studenckie Koło Naukowe, Zakład Stomatologii Dziecięcej, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Warszawa, Polska

2 Zakład Stomatologii Dziecięcej, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Warszawa, Polska

Streszczenie

Wprowadzenie. Na zachowanie dziecka podczas leczenia stomatologicznego oraz na jego zachowania prozdrowotne wpływają różne czynniki związane z samym dzieckiem i jego rodzicami. Do czynników związanych z dzieckiem można zaliczyć m.in. wcześniejsze doświadczenie w leczeniu stomatologicznym. Wśród czynników związanych z rodzicami wymienia się poziom wykształcenia i wiedzy prozdrowotnej, lęk stomatologiczny matki i zaufanie matki do stomatologa. Nie bez znaczenia pozostają różnice kulturowe zauważalne w różnym podejściu do wychowania dziecka. Bariera językowa i odmienne przyzwyczajenia charakterystyczne dla danej kultury mogą wpływać na kontakt ze stomatologiem.
Cel pracy. Analiza w badaniu ankietowym, czy postawy rodziców różnego pochodzenia etnicznego wobec zdrowia jamy ustnej mają wpływ na postawę dziecka i jak kształtują się różnice w różnych grupach etnicznych.
Materiał i metody. Badaniem ankietowym objęto 55 polskich rodziców i ich dzieci w wieku szkolnym oraz 33 rodziców wietnamskich i ich dzieci w wieku szkolnym. Ankieta składała się z 2 arkuszy: pytania do rodzica i pytania do dziecka.
Wyniki. Porównując pytania wspólne skierowane do dziecka oraz rodzica, zauważono różnice istotne statystycznie między odpowiedziami dzieci polskich i wietnamskich w 2 spośród 5 pytań. Różnice wynosiły 21–23 punktów procentowych (p.p.). Wśród odpowiedzi na pytania skierowane wyłącznie do rodziców zwraca uwagę istotna różnica w sposobie pozyskiwania wiedzy, jak dbać o higienę jamy ustnej.
Wnioski. Pochodzenie i inna kultura mogą wpływać na relację rodziców i dzieci ze stomatologiem. Porównując odpowiedzi zarówno rodziców, jak i dzieci polskich i wietnamskich, zauważono niewielkie różnice, co może wynikać ze zjawiska akulturacji.

Abstract

Background. The child’s behavior during dental treatment and his health-oriented attitude is influenced by various factors connected with the child and parents. Previous experience with dental treatment may be counted among factors associated with the child. Among factors associated with parents, it may be the level of education and health-oriented knowledge, mother’s dental fear or trust in the dentist. Cultural differences noticeable as different attitude towards parenting are also meaningful. Language barrier and different habits typical for a given culture may influence a contact with the dentist.
Objectives. The aim of the study is to analyze if the attitude of parents of different ethnicities towards oral health influences their children’s attitude and what are the differences in various ethnic groups.
Material and Methods. The survey study comprised of 55 Polish parents and their school children and 33 Vietnamese parents and their school children. The questionnaire consisted of two sheets: questions for a parent and questions for a child.
Results. Significant differences were noticed between answers of Polish and Vietnamese children to two out of five questions when comparing mutual parents-children questions. The difference was 21–23 percentage points (pp). Significant difference in methods of acquiring knowledge about oral hygiene care may be discerned among parents’ answers.
Conclusion. Origin and different culture may influence parents’ and children’s relationship with the dentist. Small differences were noticed when comparing Polish and Vietnamese parents’ and children’s answers, which may result from acculturation phenomenon.

Słowa kluczowe

relacja dziecko–rodzic, zachowanie rodzica, zachowanie dziecka, zdrowie jamy ustnej, pochodzenie

Key words

parent–child relations, paternal behavior, child behavior, oral health, ethnicity

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