Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2014, vol. 51, nr 1, January-March, p. 86–92

Publication type: original article

Language: Polish

Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Nawyki żywieniowe łódzkiej młodzieży licealnej w świetle badań ankietowych

Dietary Habits Among High School Pupils in Lodz in Light of Questionnaire Investigation

Joanna Królewska-Gawarzyńska1,A,B,C,D, Patrycja Proc1,B, Małgorzata Daszkowska1,B, Magdalena Wochna-Sobańska1,A,E,F

1 Katedra i Zakład Stomatologii Wieku Rozwojowego, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi, Łódź, Polska

Streszczenie

Wprowadzenie. Właściwa dieta jest warunkiem dobrego stanu zdrowia dzieci i młodzieży, jednak asortyment sklepików szkolnych to w 80% słodzone napoje i słodycze.
Cel pracy. Ocena nawyków żywieniowych łódzkiej młodzieży licealnej z uwzględnieniem jakości i częstości posiłków oraz analiza powodów wizyty u stomatologa i ocena źródeł informacji, z których młodzież czerpie wiedzę o higienie jamy ustnej.
Materiał i metody. Badaniem ankietowym objęto 159 uczniów w wieku 16–19 lat z wybranych losowo liceów łódzkich.
Wyniki. W badanej grupie 39% nastolatków podało, że spożywa słodycze raz dziennie, aż 34% kilka razy dziennie i tylko 27% sporadycznie lub wcale. Najwięcej słodkich produktów zjadają 17- i 18-latkowie. 50% osób pije słodzone napoje kilka razy dziennie, 23% raz dziennie, a tylko 27% sporadycznie lub wcale. Wykazano, że pierwsze śniadanie codziennie spożywa 61% ankietowanych, 30,2% czasem, a 8,8% nigdy nie jada porannego posiłku. Drugie śniadanie zawsze zjada 41,1%, czasem 47,2%, natomiast nigdy 11,4% badanych. Na zakup słodyczy i słodkich napojów respondenci przeznaczyli 24,5% z kieszonkowego, pozostałe produkty, tj. napoje bez cukru, owoce, chipsy stanowiły zawsze poniżej 10%. Najczęstszym powodem zgłoszenia do stomatologa była wizyta kontrolna (52%), następnie ból zęba (41%) i ubytek próchnicowy (6%). Wiedzę na temat higieny jamy ustnej 48% respondentów czerpie od najbliższej rodziny, a stomatolog oraz higienistka są źródłem informacji dla zaledwie 31% badanych.
Wnioski. Nawyki żywieniowe młodzieży licealnej z punktu widzenia profilaktyki stomatologicznej są niezadowalające. Jest zatem konieczna intensyfikacja działań promujących zdrowie jamy ustnej zarówno wśród dzieci i młodzieży, jak i ich rodziców.

Abstract

Bacground. Proper diet is crucial for good health of children, but the selection of food offered in school-shops in 80% consists of soft drinks and sweets.
Objectives. To evaluate the dietary habits including the quantity and quality of meals of schoolchildren from high schools in Łódź. Moreover, to analyze the aim of dental visits and to evaluate schoolchildren’s source of knowledge regarding oral hygiene.
Material and Methods. The questionnaire investigation embraced 159 pupils, at the age from 16 to 19, from randomly selected high schools in Łódź.
Results. In the investigated group, 39% of teenagers announced that they eat sweets once a day, as many as 34% eat them several times a day, and only 27% seldom or not at all. Teenagers at the age of 17–18 eat the biggest amounts of sweets. Moreover, 50% of school pupils drinks soft-drinks few times a day, 23% once a day and only 27% rare or never. It was found that 61% pupils eat first breakfast everyday, 30.2% from time to time and 8.8% never. Lunch (second breakfast) is eaten everyday by 41.1%, sometimes by 47.2% and never by 11.4% of investigated pupils. Soft-drink containing sugar make up 12.1% of schoolchildren’s expenses, sweets – 11.7% and other products like: sugar-free drinks, fruits, chips etc. always below 10%. The most popular cause of dental visit was a check-up (52%), pain of a tooth (41%) and cavity (6%). The knowledge of proper oral hygiene 48% of children derive from parents and the dentist, and dental staff is a source of information for 31% of investigated pupils.
Conclusion. Dietary habits of investigated schoolchildren in light of dental prevention and rules of healthy nutrition are unsatisfactory. Then, the need of intensive actions promoting good oral health among: children and their parents was found.

Słowa kluczowe

nawyki żywieniowe, młodzież licealna

Key words

dietary habits, high school pupils

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