Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2014, vol. 51, nr 1, January-March, p. 19–25

Publication type: editorial article

Language: English

Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Contemporary Orthodontic Diagnostics – Macroesthetics, Microesthetics, Miniesthetics

Współczesna diagnostyka ortodontyczna – makroestetyka, mikroestetyka, miniestetyka

Agnieszka Sieja1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Beata Kawala1,A,C,E,F

1 Department of Maxillofacial Orthopaedics and Orthodontics, Wroclaw Medial University, Wroclaw, Poland

Abstract

Attractive facial appearance and smile has a significant impact on the quality of psychosocial life. Among the multitude of medical specialities the most desired today are achievements in aesthetic medicine and cosmetic dentistry. Contemporary orthodontics also aims to meet the high expectations of patients and deals not only with correction of teeth and occlusal abnormalities, but also focuses on the appearance of facial soft tissues. Accurate assessment of the lateral cephalometric radiographs and plaster dental casts is the foundation of orthodontic diagnosis. Of great importance, however, is the macroesthetic analysis regarding measurements of facial soft tissue, miniesthetic analysis defining the relevant elements of the smile and microesthetic analysis assessing size and shape of teeth. All test parameters are intended to correct orthodontic treatment plan that corrects malocclusion and at the same time improve esthetics of the face and smile of patients.

Streszczenie

Atrakcyjny wygląd twarzy i uśmiechu ma istotny wpływ na jakość życia psychospołecznego. Spośród wielu specjalności medycznych szczególnie pożądane są dzisiaj osiągnięcia z zakresu medycyny estetycznej oraz stomatologii estetycznej. Naprzeciw dużym oczekiwaniom pacjentów wychodzi również współczesna ortodoncja, która zajmuje się już nie tylko korektą nieprawidłowości zębowo-zgryzowych, ale również koncentruje się na wyglądzie tkanek miękkich twarzy. Dokładna ocena zdjęć bocznych czaszki oraz modeli gipsowych to podstawa diagnostyki ortodontycznej. Duże znaczenie jednak ma także analiza makroestetyczna dotycząca pomiarów tkanek miękkich twarzy, analiza miniestetyczna określająca odpowiednie elementy uśmiechu oraz analiza mikroestetyczna oceniająca kształt i wielkość zębów. Wszystkie badane parametry mają na celu zaplanowanie prawidłowego leczenia ortodontycznego, aby korygując nieprawidłowości zgryzu, poprawiać jednocześnie estetykę wyglądu twarzy i uśmiechu pacjentów.

Key words

orthodontic diagnosis, macroesthetics, miniesthetics, microesthetics, facial esthetics

Słowa kluczowe

diagnostyka ortodontyczna, makroestetyka, miniestetyka, mikroestetyka, estetyka twarzy

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