Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2013, vol. 50, nr 4, October-December, p. 472–475

Publication type: review article

Language: English

An Assessment of the Effect of Manual and Electric Toothbrushes on Hard and Soft Oral Tissue

Ocena wpływu ręcznych i elektrycznych szczotek do zębów na stan twardych i miękkich tkanek jamy ustnej

Agnieszka Mielczarek1,A,E,F, Teresa Bachanek2,B,D,E, Tomasz Konopka3,D,E,F

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland

2 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

3 Department of Periodontology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland


In recent years a higher prevalence of gingival recession and dental abrasion has observed in the world population. The etiology of these pathological processes has a complex, multifactorial nature, but in many cases incorrect brushing techniques are recognized as one of the reasons for oral tissue destruction. Regular tooth brushing is the most important method of good oral care maintenance, but sometimes harmful effects to the dental and oral soft tissue structures are observed after forceful brushing procedures. Recently many new models of manual and electric toothbrushes are available on the market. The aim of this review is to present the current scientific views on the safety of soft and hard tissue with the use of various manual and electric toothbrushes.


W ostatnich latach w populacji światowej obserwuje się zwiększenie występowania recesji dziąsłowych i abrazji. Etiologia tych procesów chorobowych ma złożony, wielokierunkowy charakter. Jednym z czynników uznawanych za przyczynę uszkodzenia tkanek jamy ustnej jest niewłaściwe szczotkowanie zębów. Regularne szczotkowanie zębów jest najistotniejszym elementem utrzymania zdrowia jamy ustnej. Nieodpowiednia technika szczotkowania i użycie zbyt dużej siły nacisku może powodować destrukcję tkanek jamy ustnej. Obecnie na rynku jest dostępnych wiele modeli ręcznych i elektrycznych szczotek do zębów. W pracy zaprezentowano przegląd współczesnych poglądów na temat wpływu stosowania szczoteczek ręcznych i elektrycznych na stan twardych i miękkich tkanek jamy ustnej.

Key words

gingival recession, dental abrasion, manual toothbrush, electric toothbrush

Słowa kluczowe

recesja dziąseł, abrazje zębowe, szczoteczka ręczna, szczoteczka elektryczna

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