Dental and Medical Problems

Dent. Med. Probl.
Index Copernicus (ICV 2019) – 118.76
MNiSW – 20
CiteScore (2020) – 1.2
Average rejection rate (2020) – 88.71%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2012, vol. 49, nr 2, April-June, p. 293–298

Publication type: review article

Language: English

Tooth Agenesis – a Review of Literature and Own Case Studies

Agenezja zębów w piśmiennictwie i materiale własnym

Maria Mielnik-Błaszczak1,A,B,D,E,F, Anna Piątkowska1,A,B,D,E,F, Anna Machowska2,A,B,D,E,F, Beata Bukowska3,A,B,D,E,F

1 Chair and Department of Paediatric Dentistry University of Medicine in Lublin, Poland

2 Dental Practice Medicare, Mińsk Mazowiecki, Poland

3 Dental Clinical Centre, Lublin, Poland

Abstract

Tooth agenesis is a congenital absence of teeth. It is the most commonly registered developmental anomaly of human dentition. This pathology may affect both the primary and permanent dentition. It occurs separately or in association with another congenital syndromes. This study describes the epidmiology, aetiology, classification and treatment methods of agenesis, based on a review of literature, as well as it presents 3 own cases of this anomaly. Tooth agenesis creates functional and aesthetic problems therefore patients require complex treatment.

Streszczenie

Agenezja zębów jest wadą rozwojową polegającą na braku zawiązków zębów. Należy do najczęstszych wad rozwojowych uzębienia. Dotyczy zarówno zębów mlecznych, jak i stałych. Może występować jako wada izolowana, bądź towarzyszyć różnym zespołom chorobowym. W pracy przedstawiono na podstawie piśmiennictwa epidemiologię, etiologię, klasyfikację i metody leczenia braku zawiązków zębów oraz 3 przypadki hipodoncji pochodzące z materiałów własnych. Pacjenci z agenezją mają wiele problemów funkcjonalnych oraz estetycznych, dlatego powinni być objęci leczeniem kompleksowym.

Key words

tooth agenesis, development disorder

Słowa kluczowe

agenezja zębów, zaburzenia rozwojowe

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