Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
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CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
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Dental and Medical Problems

2011, vol. 48, nr 1, January-March, p. 11–18

Publication type: editorial article

Language: English

Complications During Surgical Insertion of Miniimplants

Powikłania podczas umieszczania miniimplantów

Anna Znamirowska-Bajowska1,, Tomasz Ogiński1,, Janina Szeląg1,

1 Department of Facial Abnormalities, Department of Maxillofacial Orthopedics and Orthodontics, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

Miniscrews have been introduced as a temporary cortical anchorage device in orthodontic treatment. Despite all the advantages, miniscrews are burdened by some complications. Treatment with miniimplants can fail for various reasons, including improper surgical techniques during placement.The possibilty complication during surgical insertion are: dental root, blood vessels and nerves injuries, perforation of maxillary sinus and nasal cavity, miniimplant instability and fracture, slippage. Fortunately, proper proceeding during implantation may reduce or even eliminate potential complication. The aim of this article was to consider complications that occur during the insertion of miniimplants.

Streszczenie

Miniśruby zostały wprowadzone w leczeniu ortodontycznym jako środek do otrzymania tymczasowego zakotwienia kortykalnego. Mimo ich wszystkich zalet, miniśruby są również obciążone pewnymi wadami. Leczenie z użyciem miniimplantów może się nie powieść z wielu powodów, włączając w to niewłaściwą technikę chirurgicznej implantacji. Możliwe powikłania podczas umieszczania miniimplantów to: zranienie korzenia, naczyń krwionośnych i nerwów, perforacja zatoki szczękowej i jamy nosowej, niestabilność pierwotna, złamanie i „poślizg” miniimplantu. Właściwa procedura postępowania w czasie zabiegu pozwala zmniejszyć lub nawet wyeliminować wystąpienie powikłań. Celem pracy było omówienie możliwych powikłań, jakie mogą pojawić się podczas umieszczania miniimplantów.

Key words

orthodontic miniimplants, implantation, complications

Słowa kluczowe

miniimplanty ortodontyczne, implantacja, powikłania

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