All manuscript should be written in American English. The journal does not offer translation services. Manuscripts which are not adequately prepared will be returned to the authors. Journal accepts only original papers and all kinds of reviews (narrative review, systematic review, systematic review and meta-analysis, etc.)
Abstract in English needs to be submitted with the manuscript.
Abstracts of original papers must consist of 5 separate parts introduced by separate subheadings in the following order: Background, Objectives, Material and methods, Results, Conclusions. Abstracts of original papers should contain from 200 to 300 words. All abbreviations used in the text should be explained in the article.
Abstracts of reviews are unstructured and should contain from 150 to 250 words. All abbreviations used in the text should be explained in the article.
Abstract should be followed by 3–5 key words written in English, and recommended by the "Index Medicus Subject Headings": MeSH (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html).
Manuscripts should be submitted in the following formats: doc, docx, rtf. The total number of words in review papers should not exceed 6,000 words, and in original papers 5,000 words. The main text in original papers must consist of 5 separate parts in the following order: Introduction with objectives, Material and methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions. References to literature, figures and tables should be placed in the order of their citation in the text. The Author(s) should not use italics, bold or underlined words in the texts. Please use only generic names of drugs. Laboratory values should be expressed using the International System of Units (SI). The Author(s) should provide short title that does not exceeds 45 characters and spaces. The Author(s) should disclose all financial and material support. The conclusions should not be presented as a list with bullet points.
Manuscripts must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors http://www.icmje.org/, i.e., Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/.
All manuscripts must follow the international standards of reporting research, available at https://www.equator-network.org/.
Binding reporting standards:
CONSORT – for clinical trials
PRISMA – for systematic reviews and meta-analyses
SQUIRE – for formal, planned studies, designed to assess the nature and effectiveness of interventions meant to improve the quality and safety of healthcare
STROBE – for observational studies in epidemiology
ARRIVE – for in vivo animal research
MOOSE – for meta-analyses of observational studies
STARD – for diagnostic accuracy studies
STREGA – for gene–disease association studies
SPQR – for qualitative research
COREQ – for qualitative research
It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure the accuracy of all references according to AMA citation style. References should be limited only to the most recent positions and directly connected to the presented topic. References should be identified by Arabic numerals in superscript and numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the manuscript. Abbreviations for journal names should be cited according to Index Medicus. If a journal is not listed in Index Medicus, its full name should be given. If the cited work is available online, the DOI numer should be given, and in the case of lack thereof - URL with access date.
The total number of references:
- original paper – 50
- review paper – 100
Acknowledgments should be placed at the end of the article (before references) in a separate section. They should list people who have considerably contributed to the paper preparation (e.g. helped with the acquisition of data, made corrections, linguistic edits).
Tables should be placed in separate files. References to Tables should be written in Arabic numerals and placed according to the sequence of citing them in the manuscript. Allowed formats: xls, xlsx, doc, docx.
Figures should be placed in separate files. References to Figures should be written in Arabic numerals and placed according to the sequence of citing them in the manuscript. Allowed formats: tiff, cdr, eps, jpg, png (minimum resolution 300 dpi). Descriptions of Figures should be placed in the main text.
The authorship should be based on the following criteria:
- Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work;
- Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content;
- Final approval of the version to be published.
Authors should meet all three (3) above criteria. If a large, multi-center group conducted the research, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. The Author submitting a multi-author manuscript should establish the order of authorship, provide all individual authors of the particular group, as well as provide the group's name. All those designated as authors should meet all criteria for authorship, and all who meet the criteria should be identified as authors. The contribution of each Author must be documented to the extent to take the public responsibility for appropriate portions, the content and the conflict of interests. Authors who do not meet all three criteria of authorship should be acknowledged (prior to their written consent).
All Authors who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors and their authorship should be disclosed in accordance with the following list: A – research concept and design; B – collection and/or assembly of data; C – data analysis and interpretation; D – writing the article; E – critical revision of the article; F – final approval of article.
Authors submitting their manuscripts to Wroclaw University Press journals are obliged to use a unique ORCID number (Open Researcher and Contributor ID). It is a popular digital tool allowing for the identification of the author and their research work in scientific communication. You can register for an ORCID number for free at: https://orcid.org/.
Conflict of interest
Authors are required to disclose information about the sources of funding of their manuscript as well as about the contribution of research institutions, associations and other entities ("financial disclosure"). All authors are required to provide a statement of conflicts of interest. At the end of the text, under a subheading "Conflict of interests", all authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of financial conflicts include:
- stock ownership;
- paid expert testimony;
- patents or patent applications;
- travel grants.
If there are no conflicts of interest, Authors should state that none exist.