Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
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ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
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Dental and Medical Problems

2020, vol. 57, nr 1, January-March, p. 31–38

doi: 10.17219/dmp/114099

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Color stability of self-adhering composite resins in different solutions

Trwałość barwy samoadhezyjnych żywic kompozytowych w różnych roztworach

Sara Valizadeh1,2,A,D,E,F, Zohreh Asiaie2,B,D,F, Nazanin Kiomarsi2,A,E,F, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard3,B,C,F

1 Laser Research Center of Dentistry, Dentistry Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

2 Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3 Dental Research Center, Dentistry Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Abstract

Background. The success of composite resin restorations depends to a great extent on their color stability. However, discoloration is still a problem in composite resin restorations.
Objectives. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of different staining solutions on the color stability of composite resins.
Material and Methods. A total of 96 composite disks, 2 mm in height and 8 mm in diameter, were fabricated of 3 commercially available composite resins. The samples were divided into 4 groups of 8 and were immersed in 4 staining solutions: coffee, tea, soda, and artificial saliva. The color parameters of the samples were measured and recorded before as well as 2, 4 and 8 weeks after immersion by spectrophotometry, using the CIELAB color space. A color change (ΔE) ≤3.3 was considered the acceptable threshold for visual perception. The results were analyzed using the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey’s post hoc test (p < 0.05).
Results. All the composite resins in the study showed discoloration in all the staining solutions. The ΔE of VertiseTM Flow was the highest in the tea solution. The lowest ΔE occurred in the FiltekTM Z250 composite in artificial saliva.
Conclusion. This in vitro study showed that the color stability of tooth-colored restorations can be influenced by dietary habits.

Key words

composite resins, staining, self-adhesive, VITA Easyshade

Słowa kluczowe

żywice kompozytowe, barwienie, samoadhezyjny, VITA Easyshade

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