Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

Download original text (EN)

Dental and Medical Problems

2020, vol. 57, nr 1, January-March, p. 11–17

doi: 10.17219/dmp/119743

Publication type: original article

Language: English

Download citation:

  • BIBTEX (JabRef, Mendeley)
  • RIS (Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero)

Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Assessing Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of dental practitioners regarding the COVID-19 pandemic: A multinational study

Ocena wiedzy, zachowań i działań praktycznych u lekarzy dentystów w związku z pandemią COVID-19 – wielonarodowe badanie ankietowe

Shivalingesh Krishnappa Kamate1,A,B,E,F, Swati Sharma2,A,C,E, Sahil Thakar2,B,D, Divya Srivastava1,A,C,E, Kaushikee Sengupta2,B,C, Ahmed Jhurry Hadi3,B,D,E, Alankrita Chaudhary2,B,F, Ruby Joshi4,B,E, Kuldeep Dhanker2,B,C,F

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Institute of Dental Sciences (IDS), Bareilly, India

2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida, India

3 Private Practice, Port Louis, Mauritius

4 Private Practice, Katmandu, Nepal


Background. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been declared a global public health emergency that is affecting people across the globe.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to assess the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) of dental practitioners regarding the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-2019) pandemic.
Material and Methods. An online questionnaire was distributed among dentists across the globe using a combination of convenience and snowball sampling. The questionnaire was divided into 4 sections: the 1st one contained personal information, whereas the 2nd, 3rd and 4th sections assessed knowledge (11 questions), attitudes (6 questions) and practices (7 questions) of the dentists. The data was subjected to the Shapiro–Wilk test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), multivariate linear regression, and Pearson’s correlation; 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated and odds ratio (OR) was obtained. The analysis was done using IBM SPSS for Windows, v. 21.0.
Results. The total number of the responses received (860) was divided with regard to various continents (Asia, Americas – North and South, Europe, Africa, and other – Australia and Antarctica). The largest number of dentists came from the Asian continent (264; 30.7%). Most dentists had a degree of MDS (Master of Dental Science) (301; 35.0%), followed by BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) (282; 32.8%) and DDS (Doctor of Dental Surgery) (226; 26.3%). High/Good knowledge and practice scores were observed among 92.7% and 79.5 % of the dentists, respectively. Good knowledge scores were significantly associated with qualifications (p = 0.04) and years of practice (p = 0.02); good practice scores were associated with qualifications only (p = 0.03).
Conclusion. The dentists were found to have good knowledge and practice scores, which is important to combat COVID-19. They are advised to follow the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines in their clinics, and sensitize their staff so that no stone is left unturned in defeating this pandemic.

Key words

dentists, COVID-19, pandemic

Słowa kluczowe

dentyści, COVID-19, pandemia

References (28)

  1. Li Y, Xia L. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Role of chest CT in diagnosis and management [Epub ahead of print]. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2020:1–7.
  2. Gorbalenya AE, Enjuanes L, Ziebuhr J, Snijder EJ. Nidovirales: Evolving the largest RNA virus genome. Virus Res. 2006;117(1):17–37.
  3. Peng X, Xu X, Li Y, Cheng L, Zhou X, Ren B. Transmission routes of 2019-nCoV and controls in dental practice. Int J Oral Sci. 2020;12(1):9.
  4. Fan Y, Zhao K, Shi ZL, Zhou P. Bat coronaviruses in China. Viruses. 2019;11(3):210.
  5. Fehr AR, Perlman S. Coronaviruses: An overview of their replication and pathogenesis. Methods Mol Biol. 2015;1282:1–23.
  6. Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 2020;395(10223):497–506.
  7. Wang, D, Hu B, Hu C, et al. Clinical characteristics of 138 hospitalized patients with 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Wuhan, China [Epub ahead of print]. JAMA. 2020.
  8. Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: A descriptive study. Lancet. 2020;395(10223):507–513.
  9. Chowell G, Abdirizak F, Lee S, et al. Transmission characteristics of MERS and SARS in the healthcare setting: A comparative study. BMC Med. 2015;13:210.
  10. Bin SY, Heo JY, Song MS, et al. Environmental contamination and viral shedding in MERS patients during MERS-CoV outbreak in South Korea. Clin Infect Dis. 2016;62(6):755–760.
  11. Ong SWX, Tan YK, Chia PY, et al. Air, surface environmental, and personal protective equipment contamination by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) from a symptomatic patient [Epub ahead of print]. JAMA. 2020.
  12. Dhama K, Patthi B, Singla A, et al. Global tourist guide to oral care – a systematic review. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016;10(9):ZE01–ZE04.
  13. IBM Corp. Released 2012. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.
  14. Pîrvu C, Pătraşcu I, Pîrvu D, Ionescu C. The dentist’s operating posture – ergonomic aspects. J Med Life. 2014;7(2):177–182.
  15. Meng L. Hua F, Bian Z. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Emerging and future challenges for dental and oral medicine [Epub ahead of print]. J Dent Res. 2020.
  16. Gupta N, Randhawa RK, Thakar S, Bansal M, Gupta P, Arora V. Knowledge regarding Zika virus infection among dental practitioners of Tricity area (Chandigarh, Panchkula and Mohali), India. Niger Postgrad Med J. 2016;23(1):33–37.
  17. Fatiregun AA, Olowookere SA, Oyebade AO. Pandemic influenza A (H1N1): Knowledge among senior health workers at a secon­dary health care institution in Southwest, Nigeria. Afr Health Sci. 2011;11(2):171–175.
  18. Aung MH, Oo WM, Lynn KK, Mya KM. Knowledge and perception towards Ebola virus disease among nursing students in the University of Nursing, Yangon. Myanmar Med J. 2015;57(3):8–14.
  19. Shivlingesh KK, Agrawal A, Chaudhary H, Singh K, Mishra P, Asawa K. Public knowledge, attitude and behavioural changes in an Indian population during the Influenza A (H1N1) outbreak. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2010;4(1):7–14.
  20. Singh M, Singh K, Puri MS, et al. Knowledge and perception towards Zika outbreak in a dental institute. Dentistry. 2017;7(3):1000420.
  21. Duong TN, Waldman SE. Importance of a travel history in evaluation of respiratory infections. Curr Emerg Hosp Med Rep. 2016;4(3):141–152.
  22. Fotedar S, Sharma KR, Bhardwaj V, Fotedar V. Precautions in dentistry against swine flu. SRM J Res Dent Sci. 2013;4(4):161–163.
  23. Leder K, Torresi J, Libman MD, et al. GeoSentinel surveillance of illness in returned travelers, 2007-2011. Ann Intern Med. 2013;158(6):456–468.
  24. Alessa M, Alzahrani M, Alshehri A, et al. Knowledge regarding Zika virus infection among healthcare providers in an academic tertiary care center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional survey study. Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2020;2020:8145219.
  25. Savas E, Tanriverdi D. Knowledge, attitudes and anxiety towards influenza A/H1N1 vaccination of healthcare workers in Turkey. BMC Infect Dis. 2010;10:281.
  26. Gupta N, Mehta N, Gupta P, Arora V, Setia P. Knowledge regarding Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever among private dental practitioners in Tricity, India: A cross-sectional questionnaire study. Niger Med J. 2015;56(2):138–142.
  27. Holakouie-Naieni K, Ahmadvand A, Raza O, et al. Assessing the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of students regarding Ebola virus disease outbreak. Iran J Public Health. 2015;44(12):1670–1676.
  28. Harapan H, Aletta A, Anwar S, et al. Healthcare workers’ knowledge towards Zika virus infection in Indonesia: A survey in Aceh. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2017;10(2):189–194.