Dental and Medical Problems

Dent Med Probl
Index Copernicus (ICV 2020) – 128.41
MEiN – 70 pts
CiteScore (2021) – 2.0
JCI – 0.5
Average rejection rate (2021) – 81.35%
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2019, vol. 56, nr 3, July-September, p. 231–237

doi: 10.17219/dmp/109388

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Validation of a modified Oral Health Impact Profile scale (OHIP-14) in patients with oral mucosa lesions or periodontal disease

Walidacja zmodyfikowanego wskaźnika profilu zdrowia jamy ustnej (OHIP-14) u pacjentów z chorobami błony śluzowej jamy ustnej lub periodontopatiami

Katarzyna Wąsacz1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Agnieszka Pac2,C,E,F, Dagmara Darczuk1,B,E,F, Maria Chomyszyn-Gajewska1,A,E,F

1 Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine, Institute of Dentistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland

2 Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland

Abstract

Background. Now that healthcare systems have helped successfully extend the human lifespan, the next challenge is to improve the patient’s quality of life (QOL), in particular health-related quality of life (HRQOL). A proper HRQOL assessment requires using reliable instruments that are well-adapted to the population.
Objectives. The objective of this study was to validate a modified Polish version of the Oral Health Impact Profile scale (OHIP-14) for patients with oral mucosa lesions or periodontal disease.
Material and Methods. The sample consisted of 180 adults seeking highly specialized treatment at the Periodontology Department of the University Dental Clinic in Kraków, Poland. The main modification made to OHIP-14 was the inclusion of subquestions regarding the teeth (subscale 1), oral mucosa and other soft tissues (subscale 2), and dentures (subscale 3).
Results. The Cronbach’s alpha values were excellent for all 3 subscales (subscale 1: α = 0.924; subscale 2: α = 0.937; subscale 3: α = 0.936). In the case of subscale 1, the Kaiser criterion showed a model with 3 factors (“psychological and social limitations”; “physical limitations”; “functional limitations”), which together explained 67.1% of the variance, in the case of subscale 2 – a model with 1 factor, and in the case of subscale 3 – a 2-factor model (“social interactions limitations”; “basic activities disorder and personal discomfort”).
Conclusion. Statistical testing demonstrated that a modified OHIP-14 questionnaire is a reliable tool for evaluating QOL in patients with periodontal or oral mucosa diseases.

Key words

oral health, periodontal disease, validation, health-related quality of life

Słowa kluczowe

zdrowie jamy ustnej, choroby przyzębia, walidacja, jakość życia związana ze zdrowiem fizycznym

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